This article has been reviewed according to Science X's editorial process and policies. Editors have highlighted the following attributes while ensuring the content's credibility:

fact-checked

peer-reviewed publication

trusted source

proofread

New platform allows researchers to listen in on cell-cell crosstalk

New platform allows researchers to listen in on cell-cell crosstalk
Credit: Science (2023). DOI: 10.1126/science.abq4822

Inflammatory neurological diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), can arise when cell-to-cell communication between cells in the central nervous system (CNS) goes awry. But exactly how this cellular crosstalk leads to the molecular changes that drive disease remain unknown.

To address this, researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital, a founding member of the Mass General Brigham health care system, developed a platform that allows them to perform genetic screens of cell-cell interactions to identify genes that control biologic processes.

The new tool, known as systematic perturbation of encapsulated associated cells followed by sequencing, or SPEAC-seq, combines CRISPR-Cas9 and droplet microfluidics. Using this platform, the team studied interactions between two types of CNS —microglia and astrocytes—and identified a potential suppressor of disease-promoting astrocytes in preclinical models of MS and in clinical samples.

"SPEAC-Seq allows the and systematic identification of cell-cell communication mechanisms," said corresponding author Francisco Quintana, Ph.D., of the Brigham's Ann Romney Center for Neurologic Diseases. "There are many potential applications for this , such as combining it with epigenome or transcriptome analyses to identify therapeutics that could change cell-cell interactions. We look forward to exploring these possibilities in the future."

The study is published in the journal Science.

Credit: Science (2023). DOI: 10.1126/science.abq4822

More information: Michael A. Wheeler et al, Droplet-based forward genetic screening of astrocyte-microglia cross-talk, Science (2023). DOI: 10.1126/science.abq4822. www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.abq4822

Journal information: Science

Citation: New platform allows researchers to listen in on cell-cell crosstalk (2023, March 11) retrieved 23 February 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-03-platform-cell-cell-crosstalk.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

A tool to investigate rare, previously inaccessible cells that play a key role in multiple sclerosis

46 shares

Feedback to editors