Multifunctional terahertz transparency of thermally oxidized vanadium metasurface over insulator metal transition

Multifunctional terahertz transparency of thermally oxidized vanadium metasurface over insulator metal transition
Schematics of fabrication steps: A vanadium slit array is patterned on a c-plane sapphire substrate by photolithography. After that, the vanadium slit array is annealed under optimized oxygen pressure and temperature. After the annealing process, the thickness of the film doubled. Credit: UNIST

A research team, led by the Nano Optics Group within the Department of Physics at UNIST has reported achieving all-vanadium dioxide (VO2) multifunctional metasurfaces, which perform as a transparent window in the broadband THz regime with variable DC conductivity of dynamic range over three decades and selective switchability of near-infrared (NIR) diffraction.

Metasurfaces are made of artificially two-dimensional (2D) subwavelength-scaled nanostructures whose properties can not be found in . The newly proposed metasurfaces are expected to be used in various applications, such as the next-generation wireless communication systems, such as 6G.

In this study, the research team successfully fabricated slit arrays with micrometer scale dimensions by conducting photolithography, followed by thermal oxidation of pre-defined vanadium metal structures without etching damage on the substrate.

The research team further examined the transmission, reflection, and absorption in the THz regime across the phase change temperature experimentally and theoretically and revealed that the metasurface is constantly transparent while the VO2 change from insulating to metallic due to light funneling through the subwavelength slits.

Furthermore, by thermally controlling the NIR optical path difference between the slits and the VO2 electrodes, the research team could achieve successful switching between destructive and constructive interferences of the zeroth-order diffraction.

Multifunctional terahertz transparency of thermally oxidized vanadium metasurface over insulator metal transition
Selective switching of the zeroth-order diffraction at 790 nm. Credit: UNIST

"The etching-free fabrication method and multifunctional THz transparency demonstrated here will be fruitful for VO2 applications, such as multispectral smart windows and hybrid communications," noted the research team.

The findings of this study have been published in the November 2022 issue of Laser & Photonics Reviews.

More information: Hyosim Yang et al, Multifunctional Terahertz Transparency of a Thermally Oxidized Vanadium Metasurface over Insulator Metal Transition, Laser & Photonics Reviews (2022). DOI: 10.1002/lpor.202200399

Citation: Multifunctional terahertz transparency of thermally oxidized vanadium metasurface over insulator metal transition (2022, December 6) retrieved 22 June 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2022-12-multifunctional-terahertz-transparency-thermally-oxidized.html
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