A new genomic tool for wheat rust researchers worldwide

A new genomic tool for wheat rust researchers worldwide
Flowchart illustrating the construction of the rust expression browser. RNA-Seq data was collated from 1024 Pst samples and pseduoaligned to the Pst reference transcriptomes (isolates Pst-130 [19] and Pst-104E [21]) and wheat transcriptome version 1.1 [25] using kallisto [26], generating gene expression values (“Data preparation”). Metadata was gathered for each sample and loaded into a MySQL database. Data included where available (i) host species and variety, (ii) host developmental stage, (iii) host tissue type, (iv) fungicide treatment, (v) level of infection, and (vi) collection date and location information (“Metadata integration”). The publicly available expVIP code was cloned from GitHub and transferred to a virtual machine. Metadata, gene expression values and the reference transcriptome were then integrated into the rust expression browser, served to the internet using gunicorn (“Browser initiation”). All computer code used is available as a github repository [27, 28] and metadata files are available via figshare [29]

A new genomic tool has been launched to help the global community of wheat rust researchers.

The Rust Expression Browser – developed by John Innes Centre researchers—is the first gene expression browser to enable simultaneous interrogation of gene expression data for the notorious yellow pathogen and its .

This new web interface currently hosts 1,024 gene expression datasets in an easy 'point-and-click' format to improve access to these valuable but complex data resources. In particular, it hosts hundreds of datasets generated by use of the revolutionary, genomic based 'field pathogenomics' technique that was developed in the Saunders Lab.

The yellow rust fungus causes devastating losses to wheat production worldwide and is a serious constraint on UK wheat production.

In a new paper published in BMC Genomics, researchers describe the creation of this new tool and demonstrate its utility for accelerating wheat yellow rust research.

Credit: John Innes Centre

Dr. Thomas Adams, the first author said: "We are thrilled to be able to share the wealth of data collected over the years by the lab with the wider community. We hope this will make these datasets more accessible to all researchers, regardless of access to specialist computer systems or any experience with sequencing data."

A new genomic tool for wheat rust researchers worldwide
Pst RNA-Seq samples were obtained from diverse geographic locations, experimental conditions and wheat varieties. a RNA-Seq datasets were generated from Pst-infected plant samples collected from all wheat growing continents, with a large number (642 samples) from Europe and especially the UK (334 samples). The map was created in R version 4.0.2 [35], using packages rnaturalearth version 0.1.0 [36], rnaturalearthdata version 0.1.0 [37] and rgeos version 0.5–5 [38]. b The 939 Pst RNA-Seq datasets from field collected Pst-infected plant samples were collected between 2013 and 2018. c The vast majority (92%) of Pst RNA-Seq datasets were generated from field collected Pst-infected plant samples. d Pst-infected field plant samples were collected from 64 wheat varieties where the variety could be confirmed. Those wheat varieties with at least 3 samples are illustrated. Varieties were confirmed based on their presence in the EU crop variety database [33] or the CIMMYT pedigree database [34]

Dr. Diane Saunders, the corresponding author, commented: "The Rust Expression Browser is a fantastic resource for the global community of rust researchers. This will undoubtedly lead to exciting new insight into the intricacies of the interaction between yellow rust and its wheat host."

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More information: Thomas M. Adams et al. Rust expression browser: an open source database for simultaneous analysis of host and pathogen gene expression profiles with expVIP, BMC Genomics (2021). DOI: 10.1186/s12864-021-07488-3
Journal information: BMC Genomics

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Citation: A new genomic tool for wheat rust researchers worldwide (2021, March 10) retrieved 12 August 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2021-03-genomic-tool-wheat-rust-worldwide.html
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