Findings affirm imaging technique's ability to discern healthy tissue after neoadjuvant chemotherapy

Findings Affirm Imaging Technique’s Ability to Discern Healthy/Non-Healthy Tissue After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy
Examples of histopathology in the datasets used in the analyses. Locations were selected from the specimens of patients with and without chemotherapy, which consisted of >95% fat tissue (dataset 1), >95% connective tissue (dataset 2), a mixture of fat and connective tissue (dataset 3), or a mixture of tumor cells and connective tissue (dataset 4). Credit: Lisanne L. de Boer, Marie-Jeanne T.F.D. Vrancken Peeters, and F. van Duijnhoven of The Netherlands Cancer Institute (NCI), Department of Surgery, Amsterdam; Esther Kho of NCI, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics; Katarzyna Jóźwiak of NCI, Department of Epidemiology, and Brandenburg Medical School Theodor Fontane, Institute of Biostatistics and Registry Research, Neuruppin, Germany; Koen K. Van de Vijver of NCI, Department of Pathology, and Ghent University Hospital, Department of Pathology, Ghent, Belgium; Benno H.W. Hendriks of Philips Research, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, and Delft University of Technology, Biomechanical Engineering Department, Delft, The Netherlands; Henricus J.C.M. Sterenborg, of NCI, Department of Surgery, and Amsterdam University Medical Center, Department of Biomedical Engineering and Physics; and Theo J.M. Ruers of NCI, Department of Surgery and the University of Twente, TNW, Technical Medical Center, Drienerlolaan, Enschede, The Netherlands.

In an article published in the peer-reviewed SPIE publication Journal of Biomedical Optics (JBO), titled "Influence of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on diffuse reflectance spectra of tissue in breast surgery specimens," research observed across 92 ex vivo breast specimens suggests that there is little to no impact on the optical signatures of breast tissue after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

The results of the study, in which diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) measurements were performed on 92 ex vivo breast specimens from 92 patients treated with and without neoadjuvant chemotherapy show that contrast between healthy tissue and tumor tissue is not altered due to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, suggesting that the same reflectance spectral signatures can be used for tumor margin guidance independent of the chemotherapy status of the patient.

Because healthy and tumor tissue can be readily discriminated, tumor-margin assessment by DRS—which can discriminate different tissue types based on optical characteristics—becomes a feasible consideration during breast-conserving surgery, even if the patient has received neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to surgery, a procedure that has become commonplace. The ultimate goal of the intra-surgery application of DRS would allow the surgeon to assess the tissue while performing the resection of tumors to ensure that the resection margin is clear of tumor .

According to JBO Editor-in-Chief Brian W. Pogue, the paper and its findings are notable due to the large number of clinical samples analyzed, and the consequent relevance to assessing neoadjuvant changes. "While a significant amount of work has been done defining the of breast cancer tumors and showing that this can be used for guidance, this is one of the first attempts to examine tumors following as well. The results show that the signatures do not appear to change and so the status of the patient would not confound spectral imaging to help define the lumpectomy margin."


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More information: Lisanne L. de Boer et al. Influence of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on diffuse reflectance spectra of tissue in breast surgery specimens, Journal of Biomedical Optics (2019). DOI: 10.1117/1.JBO.24.11.115004
Journal information: Journal of Biomedical Optics

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Citation: Findings affirm imaging technique's ability to discern healthy tissue after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (2019, December 3) retrieved 24 January 2020 from https://phys.org/news/2019-12-affirm-imaging-technique-ability-discern.html
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