Method removes one of the main toxins in water used for bitumen extraction

Method removes one of the main toxins in water used for bitumen extraction
Mohamed Gamal El-Din (second right) with post-doctoral researchers in his U of A lab. Gamal El-Din led a study detailing a new process that efficiently removes one of the main toxic components of water used in oilsands operations. Credit: Kenneth Tam

New technology developed by engineers at the University of Alberta shows potential in cleaning and decontaminating process water from oilsands production.

The process relies on ozonation and biofilters to remove from contaminated water.

The study, published in Science of the Total Environment, demonstrates that the method, previously used to clean pharmaceutical waste water, efficiently removes , considered to be one of the main toxic constituents of oilsands process water.

The method also helps speed up a process that would otherwise take decades for nature to complete, explained Mohamed Gamal El-Din, a professor who specializes in waste water remediation and led the new study.

"Instead of this process taking 10 to 20 years to occur naturally, ozonating the contaminated water breaks down the organic compounds, within minutes, into a source of energy and food for the bacteria present in the biofilter," Gamal El-Din said.

The trillion-litre problem

It takes three litres of water to extract bitumen from the oilsands to produce a barrel of crude oil. Once the process is complete, the used water, which contains several organic compounds and heavy metals, is stored in tailings ponds. According to the Alberta government's Tailings Management Framework for the Mineable Athabasca Oil Sands, close to one trillion litres of oilsands waste water was stored in tailings ponds in 2013.

"This water will never be safe if it's simply left in tailing ponds, so our job is to look for solutions to ensure that we can safely put it back into the environment," Gamal El-Din said.

Though cleaning oilsands process water represents a serious challenge, Gamal El-Din is confident that combining different engineered approaches—such as Suncor's Pit Lake Reclamation system—with the technology described in his study will get the job done.

Next spring, his team will start work on a project aimed at testing the remediation efficacy of a technology similar to the one described in their study when coupled with small-scale, off-site constructed wetlands.

"The idea is that by combining different technologies, each strategy will take out a certain percentage of the pollutants. Our hope is that this incremental approach will gradually get us to a place where it's safe to return the oilsands treated process water back into the environment. Policy-makers will, however, need to implement water quality standards the industry needs to meet before that happens."

Gamal El-Din added that his latest study goes far beyond the oilsands and could be used for any application in the oil and gas industry where water is contaminated with hydrocarbons or other organic compounds.

"This approach would be useful in fracking, which also generates large volumes of contaminated water, or to clean the waste of refineries," he explained.


Explore further

Solar energy-driven process could revolutionize oil sands tailings reclamation

More information: Lei Zhang et al. Integrated mild ozonation with biofiltration can effectively enhance the removal of naphthenic acids from hydrocarbon-contaminated water, Science of The Total Environment (2019). DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.302
Journal information: Science of the Total Environment

Citation: Method removes one of the main toxins in water used for bitumen extraction (2019, October 29) retrieved 11 November 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-10-method-main-toxins-bitumen.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
68 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments