Research group finds way to turn plastic waste products into jet fuel

Plastic water bottles may one day fly people cross-country
Dr. Hanwu Lei and his research team in the lab, working to find a use for plastic waste. Credit: Washington State University

A research group led by Washington State University scientists has found a way to turn daily plastic waste products into jet fuel.

In a new paper published in the journal Applied Energy, WSU's Hanwu Lei and colleagues melted waste at high temperature with activated carbon, a processed carbon with increased surface area, to produce jet fuel.

"Waste plastic is a huge problem worldwide," said Lei, an associate professor in WSU's Department of Biological System Engineering. "This is a very good, and relatively simple, way to recycle these plastics."

How it works

In the experiment, Lei and colleagues tested low-density polyethylene and mixed a variety of waste plastic products, like , milk bottles, and , and ground them down to around three millimeters, or about the size of a grain of rice.

The plastic granules were then placed on top of activated carbon in a tube reactor at a high temperature, ranging from 430 degree Celsius to 571 degrees Celsius. That's 806 to 1,060 Fahrenheit. The carbon is a catalyst, or a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being consumed by the reaction.

"Plastic is hard to break down," Lei said. "You have to add a catalyst to help break the chemical bonds. There is a lot of hydrogen in plastics, which is a key component in fuel."

Once the carbon catalyst has done its work, it can be separated out and re-used on the next batch of conversion. The catalyst can also be regenerated after losing its activity.

After testing several different catalysts at different temperatures, the best result they had produced a mixture of 85 percent jet fuel and 15 percent diesel fuel.

Environmental impact

According to the Environmental Protection Agency, landfills in the U.S. received 26 million tons of plastic in 2015, the most recent year statistics are available. China has recently stopped accepting plastic recycling from the U.S. and Canada. Conservative estimates by scientists say that at least 4.8 million tons of plastic enters the ocean each year worldwide.

Not only would this new process reduce that waste, very little of what is produced is wasted.

"We can recover almost 100 percent of the energy from the plastic we tested," Lei said. "The fuel is very good quality, and the byproduct gasses produced are high quality and useful as well."

He also said the method for this process is easily scalable. It could work at a large facility or even on farms, where farmers could turn into diesel.

"You have to separate the resulting product to get ," Lei said. "If you don't separate it, then it's all diesel fuel."


Explore further

Scientists developing way of using waste plastic to create car fuel

More information: Yayun Zhang et al, Jet fuel production from waste plastics via catalytic pyrolysis with activated carbons, Applied Energy (2019). DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113337
Citation: Research group finds way to turn plastic waste products into jet fuel (2019, June 3) retrieved 19 June 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-06-group-plastic-products-jet-fuel.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
1754 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Jun 03, 2019
GREAT - a better way to extend the emission of heat into the upper atmosphere, along with contrails and of course reduce photonic energy - which likely used to kill fungal growths of what we now see killing amphibians....

Jun 03, 2019
Well I for one think that this is a great process. If you can take a waste product/pollutant and turn it into a fuel at a profit that is a huge advance. Plastic is not going away and this will reduce the use of landfills. In reality it is a form of recycling.

Jun 03, 2019
Hmmmmm. If we make these into fuels, we're just exchanging plastic trash in the ocean for more global warming. Out of the frying pan and into the fire.

Jun 03, 2019
MR166 confusing recycling with reusing.

Jun 04, 2019
Love it!!!! Someone comes up with a way to help solve a major problem facing society and it is not "Green" enough for the watermelon crowd. This just proves that the green movement is really about destroying the western economic system and not about saving the earth at all.

Jun 14, 2019
I dunno, maybe if you were turning the plastics into food. Turning them into more global warming isn't the greatest idea evar.

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more