New era for New Norcia deep space antenna

New era for New Norcia deep space antenna
Suzy Jackson leads the new team at ESA's New Norcia ground station in Western Australia. Credit: ESA / Suzy Jackson

The 35-m deep space antenna in New Norcia, Western Australia, is being looked after by a new team, led for the first time by a female site manager, Suzy Jackson.

The New Norcia station is key to communicating with Europe's missions across the Solar System and observing the Universe, including Mars Express currently in orbit around the Red Planet and BepiColombo—on its way to Mercury.

As well as the deep dish, the station also includes the nimble 4.5-m —both able to track rockets as they lift-off from Europe's spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana, as they begin their journey into orbit or deep space.

The impressive site is now being managed for the first time by Australia's national science agency, CSIRO, that also runs NASA's Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex.

First female site manager

No stranger to , Suzy Jackson previously worked as an engineer on the development of CSIRO's Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder—a radio telescope in Western Australia.

In her new role as New Norcia Site Manager, Suzy is ensuring her team of seven is on top of maintenance of the giant dish, making sure all of the different systems are running properly and carrying out checks on system performance.

New era for New Norcia deep space antenna
A new radio dish has been inaugurated at ESA’s existing New Norcia, Western Australia, tracking station, ready to catch the first signals from new missions. The new dish, just 4.5 m across, can lock onto and track new satellites during the critical initial orbits up to roughly 100 000 km out, as well as receive signals from launch rockets. Credit: European Space Agency

"Australia is well suited to radio astronomy and radio communication with spacecraft and rocket launchers," explains Suzy.

"In Western Australia, you don't have to go far before the population density drops straight away. It's terrible for mobile phone coverage but just perfect for clear skies, without interference from people's phones and televisions."

Such an environment means the station, one of the three biggest antennas in ESA's tracking network, ESTRACK, is able to receive large quantities of data from spacecraft over vast distance—the farthest so far was NASA's Cassini spacecraft more than 1.4 billion km from Earth.

Neighbors down under

Located in the middle of a farm, the station and its team are surrounded by some of Australia's most recognisable residents.

New era for New Norcia deep space antenna
ESA’s solar-powered giant one year on. Credit: ESA/D. O'Donnell, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

"There's a good number of kangaroos out here, as well as emus and cows," Suzy continues.

"We did once have to chase a small brown snake out of the mazer room—used to provide timings for the entire antenna system as well as to synchronise everything happening here at antenna with teams at ESA's Operations Centre."

Dishing up more capacity

With the many spacecraft and satellites currently supported by ESA's tracking network, the station is running at near-full capacity.

To ensure communication links with current and —such as the planned Lagrange mission to monitor our temperamental Sun—the network will need higher capacity. For this reason, as part of ESA's Space19+ campaign, ESA is proposing a new 35-m antenna in Western Australia.

New era for New Norcia deep space antenna
ESA antenna to keep NASA mission in sight. Credit: ESA/D. O'Donnell, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

Find out more about the many missions planned in ESA's future, and how teams at mission control and across the ESTRACK network will continue to help make this possible.

You can now follow ESA's fleet of spacecraft in Earth orbit and traversing , using real-time data from the Agency's global network of tracking antennas. Try the brand new ESTRACK dashboard now!


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Image: ESA's deep-space tracking station at New Norcia, Australia

Citation: New era for New Norcia deep space antenna (2019, June 5) retrieved 26 June 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-06-era-norcia-deep-space-antenna.html
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