Iconic Australian working dog may not be part dingo after all

Iconic Australian working dog may not be part dingo after all
Professor Claire Wade of University of Sydney with kelpies Peppa and Cash. Credit: Vanessa Saines/University of Sydney

Researchers at the University of Sydney have found no genetic evidence that the iconic Australian kelpie shares canine ancestry with a dingo, despite Australian bush myth.

The paper, published in the journal Genes, is the first peer-reviewed study of its kind to find that the domestic and share no detectable common DNA in genes impacting and ear type.

Some kelpie owners and "old-timers" in Australia believe the kelpie breed contains genes from the Australian dingo, said Professor Claire Wade in the School of Life and Environmental Sciences.

"It has been said that the dingo was mixed with the kelpie, which originally came from Scotland, to produce a more-resilient and hardy dog that could withstand hot, dry Australian conditions," Professor Wade said.

"Our analysis shows there is no for this from any genes affecting the way the domestic and wild dogs look," Professor Wade says.

Professor Wade, who is an expert in dog genetics, said some people have come to believe there is a connection simply because the two dogs look similar. They both have pricked up ears, a similar body shape and hair texture, and some kelpies are yellow or cream in colour.

Iconic Australian working dog may not be part dingo after all
Australian yellow kelpies. Credit: University of Sydney

"There's a bit of Australiana and sentiment here," Professor Wade said. "We wish the Australian kelpie was somehow special or unique to us. But the breed has come from Scotland and the way we made it our own was by selecting it for our harsh climate."

The study characterised known gene variants of both kelpie types (Australian kelpie —conformation; Australian working kelpie—herding) and compared the variants present with those in sequenced Australian dingoes.

Genes assessed included identified coat colour and ear type variants. None of the coat colour or ear type analysed offered support for a shared family history.

The kelpie was brought to Australia in the late 1800s from Scotland. They are a herding dog derived from the Scottish smooth collie or farm collie. There are two types of kelpies developed in Australia: the working kelpie, which has been selected specifically to handle the Australian climate and working conditions, and the conformational kelpie, which is usually a single all-over and is more likely to live in the city.

Iconic Australian working dog may not be part dingo after all
Australian working kelpies. Credit: University of Sydney

The best-known Australian kelpie in popular culture is Koko, the dog in the movie Red Dog.

Dingoes are believed to have arrived in Australia more than 4000 years ago, most likely with Asian seafarers.

The kelpie samples in the research were obtained as part of a larger genetic project helping breeders produce the best possible working dogs. Owners of working kelpies are invited to take part in a survey of current working and their behaviours.

Explore further

Dingoes should remain a distinct species in Australia

More information: Tracy Chew et al, Genomic Characterization of External Morphology Traits in Kelpies Does Not Support Common Ancestry with the Australian Dingo, Genes (2019). DOI: 10.3390/genes10050337
Citation: Iconic Australian working dog may not be part dingo after all (2019, May 28) retrieved 18 September 2021 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-iconic-australian-dog-dingo.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Feedback to editors