New invention revolutionizes exoskeletons

New invention revolutionizes exoskeletons
PhD student Miguel Nobre Castro with the award-winning CXD joint. Credit: Jakob Brodersen

Aalborg researchers have developed a new type of mechanical joint that can support shoulders and hips smarter than ever before. The joint which is compact enough to be worn hidden under clothing, has already won international honors and will likely be the standard in future wearable exoskeletons

A compact joint that can be pulled out in an arc around a sphere. This may not sound like much, but it is nothing less than a sensation. The joint is called CXD (Compact X-scissors Device) and was developed by researchers at Aalborg University (AAU). It is the world's first retractable joint that can move freely in all directions around a sphere – for example, as support for the shoulder or hip.

The CXD was originally designed to help children who have lost the use of an arm or shoulder due to illness or an accident. They need support in the form of an exoskeleton – a supporting structure that is securely fastened to the body, in order to regain normal function.

"Mechanical joints such as for the shoulders are large and bulky mechanisms. And unfortunately there are a lot of restrictions on what movements they can make. For example, in a particular use scenario, you cannot keep your arm stretched out in front of you and then turn it to the side. This is a major obstacle for those wearing the exoskeleton," explains PhD student Miguel Castro.

He is part of the Biomechanics research group at AAU and one of the main researchers behind the invention.

New invention revolutionizes exoskeletons
The CXD joint is the first joint in the world that can be pulled freely around a sphere. It provides freedom of movement to the shoulders or other of the body’s ball-and-socket joints. Credit: Jakob Brodersen

"The new joint we developed is just as versatile as a ball-and-socket joint, but very compact. Because of this compactness, you can create an exoskeleton that can be worn discreetly under clothing. That means a lot, especially for the kids who have to use it at home and in public," he says.

International attention

Bulky and heavy joints have always been a Gordian knot in wearable robotics – body-worn robotic solutions, including exoskeletons. The researchers' invention has already created international attention.

In March, the CXD joint won first place in the Wearable Robotics Association Innovation Challenge (WeaRAcon18), an award that was presented at the industry's most important conference in Arizona, USA.

"The people on the awards committee were either directors or deputy directors of the major producers. They thought that our joint was the most interesting invention at the conference. This is of course good market validation," says Lars Halkjær, special consultant in technology transfer and part of the research team behind the CXD.

Exoskeletons are coming

The research group is convinced that exoskeletons will become widespread in society because they have so many uses. The new CXD joint will help boost this development so things will move even faster.

In a few years, exoskeletons will be a more common sight in everyday life, says Lars Halkjær, for instance, in industrial companies with tasks that require strength and precision but that are not suited to being performed by robots.

Flexible exoskeletons will also help senior citizens to be self-reliant for longer and have less need for physical assistance.

"Ten years ago drone technology was new and exotic, says Lars Halkjær. Today, they are used for a wide variety of solutions in transport, inspection and more. I think we are going to see the same trend with exoskeletons," he says.

Provided by Aalborg University

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