Study sheds new light on extinction risk in mammals

Study sheds new light on extinction risk in mammals
CSU's Kevin Crooks has studied urban fragmentation of large carnivores, including bobcats, in southern California. Credit: Kevin Crooks

Researchers have long assumed that habitat fragmentation contributes to extinction risk for animals, but until now, they have not been able to measure it for a major group of animals on a global scale. In a first-of-its-kind study, an international research team led by Colorado State University successfully measured habitat fragmentation for over 4,000 species of land-dwelling mammals. Among the findings, researchers discovered that species with more habitat fragmentation are at greater risk of extinction.

Kevin Crooks, the study's lead author and a professor in CSU's Department of Fish, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology, said the research has implications for assessing the threat of extinction for mammals and setting priorities for global mammal .

"For the first time in Earth's history, one species—Homo sapiens, or humans—dominates the globe," said Crooks. "In contrast to prior eras, we travel and communicate across the entire planet. Unfortunately, the more 'connected' we become, non-human life with which we share this planet becomes increasingly disconnected, at their peril."

High-resolution modeling measures habitat fragmentation

The research team used high-resolution habitat-suitability models to measure the degree of fragmentation for the world's mammals. Scientists then examined the relationship between habitat fragmentation and , as assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List, and developed a comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of animals and plants.

The team also produced global maps, predicting key areas of intact high-quality habitat as well as hotspots of fragmentation for mammals. Habitat models demonstrate that most suitable environments for mammals are located outside of known protected areas.

Study sheds new light on extinction risk in mammals
Mountain lions have been affected by urban fragmentation. Credit: Kevin Crooks

Urban development, deforestation leads to fragmentation

Human activities such as urban development and deforestation can lead to habitat fragmentation. Fragmentation reduces the total amount of habitat available to wildlife, but also simultaneously isolates the habitat that remains, preventing movement of animals in previously connected landscapes.

In previous research, Crooks and his colleagues found that large carnivores, mountain lions and bobcats, decline and at times disappear, in highly-fragmented urban areas in the United States.

Habitat fragmentation also intensifies the effects of other agents of , including limiting the ability of wildlife to shift locations in response to climate change.

"Habitat needs to be addressed urgently, but it is also a manageable global conservation challenge," Crooks said.

"We hope that this research will provide critical guidance to conservation practitioners and policymakers setting strategic priorities for global conservation. The findings of the study warrant intensified efforts to protect remnant habitat patches, as well as to restore connectivity to fragmented landscapes through conservation tools such as wildlife corridors and linkages."

The research team includes scientists from Colorado State University, Conservation Science Partners, The University of Queensland in Australia, and Sapienza University in Italy.

"Quantification of reveals extinction risk in terrestrial mammals" was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, or PNAS.


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More information: Kevin R. Crooks el al., "Quantification of habitat fragmentation reveals extinction risk in terrestrial mammals," PNAS (2017). www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1705769114
Citation: Study sheds new light on extinction risk in mammals (2017, July 3) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-07-extinction-mammals.html
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Jul 05, 2017
Greatest threats to wildlife (particularly apex predators and herbivours are the Chinese and Vietnamese, their quack penis-growth medicine and their use of ivory in luxury goods They are the locusts of wildlife illegal trade.

Jul 05, 2017
Habitat fragmentation and loss of hunting range are the most significant threats to apex predators on the planet. Ya gotta eat to live and an apex predator needs territory for that.

It's the small quiet infestations that do the damage.

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