Experimental method measures robustness of quantum coherence

July 27, 2017

Researchers at the UAB have come up with a method to measure the strength of the superposition coherence in any given quantum state. The method, published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society A, is based on the measurement of experimental parameters related to the visibility of the interference fringe patterns produced when the two states are superimposed.

One of the main principles of quantum physics is the superposition of states. Systems are simultaneously in different states, i.e. "alive and dead" at the same time, in the case of the Schrödinger's cat thought experiment. When measured, the superstate collapses to one of the possibilities. As long as the superposition lasts, the system is said to be in a coherent state. In real systems, a set of diverse elemental particles or atoms existing in a state of superposition—for example, in different positions simultaneously, with different levels of energy, or with two opposite spins (rotating trajectories)—are said to have weak coherence. The superposition is broken easily by the vibrations associated with temperature and environmental interactions.

Researchers from the UAB Department of Physics and the Indian Institute of Science, Education and Research Kolkata propose a new way of measuring the robustness of the of a superimposed state. The method is based on the measurement of the visibility of characterized by alternate dark and intense stripes produced when two coherent states coincide.

According to UAB researcher Andreas Winter, "The existence of quantum superpositions is at the heart of the non-classical nature of . It manifests itself by producing interference patterns in interferometric experiments. We show that each visibility parameter of the , such as the difference between maximums and minimums in intensity, gives rise to a measure of coherence. The study thus connects the recently burgeoning, but hitherto abstract resource theory of coherence to concrete and physically relevant observations."

The scientists, experts in information quantum theory, study the intrinsic properties of quantum mechanics such as entanglement, uncertainty, superposition, indeterminism and interference, to be used as resources in , the foundation of future quantum computers.

Explore further: New 'quantum distillation' method allows measuring coherence of quantum states

More information: Tanmoy Biswas et al. Interferometric visibility and coherence, Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Science (2017). DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2017.0170

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not rated yet Jul 28, 2017
This makes no sense. We begin with all possible states based upon known physics, build a wave equation with the possibilities, then filter out the wavelets, or define events. Why not simply use the known physics, without scrambling, every wavelet describes the motion of a charge center. Bypass the over generalization and simply be specific!

Applying wavelet to motion, as a computer filter, i.e. actuality!

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