Detecting dangers with crowdsourcing

July 18, 2017
Credit: Harvard University

By the time officials in Flint, Mich., declared a state of emergency in response dangerously high levels of lead in the city's drinking water in mid-December of 2015, residents had been complaining to each other about discolored and foul-smelling drinking water for more than a year.

That time lag, between residents identifying a potential hazard and government officials taking action, shocked Pooja Chandrashekar, A.B. '18, a biomedical engineering concentrator at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences.

"That was when we first conceived the idea of leveraging data, media reports, and Google trends data to come up with an system," she said. "We thought that, by using non-traditional data sources, we could get a better idea of what people are discussing online and what kinds of things are raising red flags for them."

Chandrashekar joined forces with Yulin Hswen, a T.H. Chan School of Public Health doctoral student and colleague in the computational epidemiology group at Boston Children's Hospital, and Hswen's classmate, Jeremiah Liu, to develop that idea into a website that could more efficiently identify potential environmental hazards for authorities.

They honed the concept into a startup, Planetary Health Watch, which was awarded the McKinley Social Grant Gold Medal at the 10th annual i3 Innovation Challenge, a student entrepreneurship competition organized by the SEAS Technology and Entrepreneurship Center. The award, which includes a $10,000 prize, gives the founders the seed funding and vote of confidence they need to get this project off the ground, Chandrashekar said.

The team is currently studying underlying problems in environmental health reporting and developing a computational surveillance system that relies on algorithms to find and organize relevant data.

They have collected more than one million data points related to water and pollution from Twitter, and are working on a dashboard that will aggregate that information from social media and Google Trends.

"When people talk about their concerns on Twitter, for example, many of the tweets will be geocoded, or users will self-identify the locations in their tweets," Chandrashekar explained. "If you see a cluster of people tweeting about the water smelling really bad, and they are all concentrated in one area, you can become more confident that there is a problem there."

The team's biggest challenge involves developing algorithms that can select the necessary information, while filtering out the seemingly endless streams of random chatter that clog social media channels. They plan to continue refining the models through the summer and officially launch a website this fall, including the results of online data analysis, as well as a simplified system for individual users to directly report environmental concerns.

The team doesn't expect their computational models to replace the EPA; rather, they envision Planetary Health Watch as an early detection system that can be seamlessly integrated into the government's current environmental monitoring infrastructure.

Calling a local agency or filling out forms to report a concern is oftentimes consuming or difficult, Chandrashekar noted. By going straight to data sources people already use to voice environmental health concerns, the team hopes that Planetary Health Watch can be a catalyst for change.

"It is very exciting to work on solving questions that can really have an impact on improving human in the U.S. In the long run, speeding up the reporting process could help save lives," she said. "This is a new way of approaching problems like these, so we hope our work will usher in a new approach that could help reduce the impact of all types of problems."

Explore further: Using Twitter may increase food-poisoning reporting

Related Stories

Using Twitter may increase food-poisoning reporting

February 24, 2017

Nearly 1 in 4 U.S. citizens gets food poisoning every year, but very few report it. Twitter communications between the public and the proper government authorities could improve foodborne illness reporting as well as the ...

How Twitter can help predict emergency room visits

April 15, 2015

Twitter users who post information about their personal health online might be considered by some to be "over-sharers," but new research led by the University of Arizona suggests that health-related tweets may have the potential ...

Q&A: Legionnaires' disease adds to water concerns in Flint

January 14, 2016

A water crisis in Flint has focused mostly on the impact of drinking supplies containing lead that had leached from old plumbing after the city switched sources to save money. But Michigan officials stunned the community ...

Recommended for you

Volumetric 3-D printing builds on need for speed

December 11, 2017

While additive manufacturing (AM), commonly known as 3-D printing, is enabling engineers and scientists to build parts in configurations and designs never before possible, the impact of the technology has been limited by ...

Tech titans ramp up tools to win over children

December 10, 2017

From smartphone messaging tailored for tikes to computers for classrooms, technology titans are weaving their way into childhoods to form lifelong bonds, raising hackles of advocacy groups.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.