Drones create 3-D maps to demonstrate carbon storage

October 10, 2016 by Rueben Hale, Sciencenetwork Wa, Science Network WA
Drones create 3D maps to demonstrate carbon storage
Landgate’s Russell Teede (left) and Simon Abbott (right) with drone. Credit: Landgate

3-D model generating drones may soon be measuring Western Australia's rangelands to ocean carbon footprint.

Landgate are using locally designed drones to develop an extremely cost-effective aerial photo based technology capable of sampling large transects of rangelands and coastlines measuring total tree and shrub carbon in the vegetative matter (biomass).

Landgate senior research officer and project coordinator Simon Abbott spoke at the recent Outback Carbon Farming Conference about the potential of this technology to provide an auditing tool to demonstrate the carbon storage results of improved rangeland management practices.

Previous speakers at the conference suggested a multi-billion dollar carbon farming industry may be possible for Western Australia by the building 'biomass storage tanks' through the revegetation of the State's north to store carbon and charge rent for the storage.

Dr Abbott says a Perth company is very close to finalising the development of a fixed wing drone that is able to capture large transects or areas of coastline or rangeland landscapes and process the images into a 3-D point cloud, with every pixel of the image placed in its point in 3-D space.

"The opportunity for us now comes from the fact that drones are able to fly hundreds of kilometers of line in one single mission, whereas in the past measuring carbon stored in biomass has been extremely labour intensive and destructive to the environment," Dr Abbott says.

"Previously it involved measuring a quadrat in a land unit zone and destroying the bush by cutting it all down and weighing to determine the biomass per hectare to calculate the amount of carbon."

Project development officer Russell Teede has been trialling the drones using the mapping algorithms developed in the movie special effects industry and adapted for navigation.

"Up until this point it has been a matter of manually measuring individual trees and the process of automating it is the next step," Dr Teede says.

"Accuracy of the measurement using this particular drone is precise enough to replicate real world situations. Eventually we intend to overlay the images in Google Earth or another mapping program and that would enable measurement of change over time," he says.

About the drones

The drones are manufactured in Perth and are the first unmanned aerial vehicle to be certified by NASA for the use of commercial air space in the United States. The unique four rotor quad-copters are fitted with a high-resolution and high accuracy geo-located camera to enable precise 3-D landscape map overlays to be created.

Explore further: FAA contemplating whether millions of drones will fill skies

Related Stories

FAA contemplating whether millions of drones will fill skies

September 16, 2016

So many people are registering drones and applying for drone pilot licenses that federal aviation officials said Friday they are contemplating the possibility of millions of unmanned aircraft crowding the nation's skies in ...

New regulations curb use of drones in Poland

September 7, 2016

New aviation regulations have taken effect in Poland to limit the flying of drones in populated areas and to require identification plates on drones used for professional purposes.

The farmer takes a drone

April 14, 2015

Drones on dairy farms? It may sound like fun, but for UWA student Matthew Rowbottom, the high-tech machines could be useful to time-poor dairy farmers. He is researching the effectiveness of drones, or unmanned aerial vehicles ...

GNSS technology for better biomass mapping

June 10, 2016

The EU-funded COREGAL project combines traditional positioning technology with reflected global navigation satellite system (GNSS) signals to let land management professionals see through thick tree canopies and better understand ...

Recommended for you

Uber filed paperwork for IPO: report

December 8, 2018

Ride-share company Uber quietly filed paperwork this week for its initial public offering, the Wall Street Journal reported late Friday.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.