Paleontologists discover 250-million-year-old new species of reptile in Brazil

March 11, 2016, University of Birmingham

An international team of scientists, from three Brazilian universities and one UK university, have discovered a new fossil reptile that lived 250 million years ago in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, southernmost Brazil. The species has been identified from a mostly complete and well preserved fossil skull that the team has named Teyujagua paradoxa.

The was discovered in the beginning of 2015 by a team from the Paleobiology Laboratory of the Universidade Federal do Pampa (Unipampa), in a Triassic rock exposure near the city of São Francisco de Assis. This discovery, published today in the journal Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group), helps to clarify the initial evolution of the group that gave rise to dinosaurs, pterosaurs (flying reptiles), crocodiles and birds.

The name Teyujagua comes from the language of the Guarani ethnic group and means 'fierce lizard'. It references a mythological beast called Teyú Yaguá, usually depicted as a lizard with a dog´s head. Teyujagua is very different from other fossils from the same age. Its anatomy is intermediate between the more primitive reptiles and a diverse and important group called 'archosauriforms'. Archosauriformes include all the extinct dinosaurs and pterosaurs, along with modern day birds and crocodiles.

The discovery of Teyujagua is important because it lived just after the great Permo-Triassic mass extinction event that occurred 252 million years ago. This extinction wiped out about 90 per cent of all species then living and was probably triggered by giant and intense volcanic eruptions in the eastern part of what is now Russia.

Teyujagua provides new insights into how ecosystems on land recovered and developed following this extinction. After the extinction, ecosystems on land were sparsely populated, providing opportunities for some groups of survivors to expand in number and diversity. Archosauriforms and their close kin like Teyujagua became the dominant animals in ecosystems on land and eventually gave rise to dinosaurs.

Teyujagua was a small, quadrupedal animal, and grew up to about 1.5 metres in length. Its teeth were recurved with fine serrations and sharply pointed, indicating a carnivorous diet. The nostrils were placed on the upper part of the snout, a typical feature of some aquatic or semi-aquatic animals, such as modern day crocodiles. Teyujagua likely lived in the margins of lakes and rivers, hunting amphibians and procolophonids, extinct, small bodied reptiles similar to lizards.

Dr Felipe Pinheiro, from Universidade Federal do Pampa, São Gabriel, Rio Grande do Sul said: 'The discovery of Teyujagua was really exciting. Ever since we saw that beautiful skull for the first time in the field, still mostly covered by rock, we knew we had something extraordinary in our hands. Back in the lab, after slowly exposing the bones, the fossil exceeded our expectations. It had a combination of features never seen before, indicating the unique position of Teyujagua in the evolutionary tree of an important group of vertebrates.'

Dr Richard Butler, from the University of Birmingham's School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, said: 'Teyujagua is a really important discovery because it helps us understand the origins of a group of vertebrates called archosauriforms. Archosauriforms are spectacularly diverse and include everything from hummingbirds and crocodiles to giant dinosaurs like Tyrannosaurus rex and Brachiosaurus. Teyujagua fills an evolutionary gap between archosauriforms and more primitive reptiles and helps us understand how the archosauriform skull first evolved.'

Excavations in the site where Teyujagua was found are still ongoing, with more promising fossil materials being found. These new discoveries will certainly provide new insights into the nature of terrestrial ecosystems just before the appearance of the first dinosaurs, as well as the patterns of faunal recovery after major extinction events.

Explore further: Decline of crocodile ancestors was good news for early marine turtles

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FredJose
1 / 5 (7) Mar 11, 2016
Archosauriformes include all the extinct dinosaurs and pterosaurs, along with modern day birds and crocodiles.

One vexing problem for evolutionists is to demonstrate how it it possible to develop the functional requirements for flight from the non-flight specific functionality in the limbs of the dinosaur.
Take feathers for instance, there is just no precedent / antecedent from which one can derive the complex mixture of light weight, strength, versatile morphing for flight control plus the extended use for waterproof cover and warmth. It is the most vexatious thought provoker for the evolutionist to explain how the barb system developed at random from scales or any other proposed predecessor.
Good luck with showing just how the rest of the bird evolved from the dinosaur, all by itself via random mutations and natural selection!

Guy_Underbridge
4.3 / 5 (6) Mar 11, 2016
Good luck with showing just how they came about from some supposed divine intervention
Vietvet
4.3 / 5 (6) Mar 11, 2016
Just because you have shit for brains and find it flexing that limbs for flight and feathers can evolve doesn't doesn't mean that's exactly what happened.
Thirteenth Doctor
5 / 5 (6) Mar 11, 2016
I always have this puzzlement of a converstation form ID nuts.

ID Nut: Something cant come from nothing (excluding the fact that no one ever said there was 'nothing')

Me: Then where did God come from?

ID Nut: He always was

Me: ??? The components that sparked the Big Bang couldnt have just "been" ?

ID Nut: No, something cant come from nothing.

Me: Then what was before God

ID Nut: Nothing, he always was.

Me: But you just said......nevermind
hemitite
3.7 / 5 (3) Mar 11, 2016
To see the original article (and images of this beast) go here: http://www.nature...rep22817
TheGhostofOtto1923
5 / 5 (7) Mar 11, 2016
Take feathers for instance... It is the most vexatious thought provoker for the evolutionist to explain how the barb system developed at random from scales or any other proposed predecessor
Just saying these things doesn't make them true.

But religionists are conditioned to accept declarations as fact. The bible describes this process in detail; the people are tempted to stray from their faith and those who do are culled, leaving the remnants to carry on.

This is domestication not evolution. And it very quickly produced a species that would freely surrender it's will and it's reason to authority. Like the dog, humans will gladly give up their repro rights and their lives just because they are ordered to do so, and because they think it will enable them to live forever.

Even dogs would not fall for that last bit. But then dogs don't know they will grow old and die.

"God puts eternity in the hearts of men." ecc3
yep
3.7 / 5 (3) Mar 12, 2016
Comes on Fred pay attention we have been suppressing gene exspression in chickens for a couple years now to turn them back into dinosaurs.
http://www.smiths...0957271/
Zorcon
3 / 5 (2) Mar 12, 2016
One vexing problem for evolutionists is to demonstrate how it it possible...


One vexing problem for creationists is to demonstrate how it was possible for a creator to create itself before it existed.

Good luck with showing just how the rest of the bird evolved from the dinosaur, all by itself via random mutations and natural selection!


Good luck with showing just how the Great Sky Daddy created itself out of nothing, all by itself via intelligent design.

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