Choosing for not-genetically modified soy results in higher costs for livestock

December 18, 2015, Wageningen University
Choosing for not-genetically modified soy results in higher costs for livestock

If the Netherlands together with Germany, France, Poland and Hungary would choose for an opt-out of the use of genetically modified (GM) soy in animal feed, then the current use of soy products in animal feed in these five countries must decrease by 40 to 50 percent to ensure that the demand for non-GM soy from the European Union (EU) does not exceed the available amount on the world market. Mid-term (3 to 5 years) additional costs for the Dutch animal husbandry due to more expensive non-GM soy and alternative protein sources, are estimated at €60 to €100m per year, of which about 80 percent for the poultry sector. The number of animals and productivity of the animals is assumed to be not affected.

To replace 1,557 thousand tonnes of GM soybean meal that is currently used in Dutch by a single alternative protein source, a similar amount of non-GM soybean meal is needed, or
2,985 thousand tonnes of rapeseed meal, or 4,268 thousand tonnes of sunflower meal, or 15,878 thousand tonnes of barley or 17,259 thousand tonnes of wheat. To produce this amount an additional 46 to 3,349 thousand hectares of cultivation area is needed above the current cultivation area, depending on the mix of non-GM soy and alternative protein sources that will be used in animal feed.

Trade flows of raw materials for animal feed are expected to partly shift from import in the West of the EU, for example through the seaport of Rotterdam, to intra-EU flows from the regions of cultivation to the final users, and import by road or rail from regions East of the EU, such as Ukraine. The amount of soy entering the EU through the Netherlands will decrease. This could be compensated by an increased need for alternative protein sources, if these products would be imported in the EU from overseas.

Consequences for seaports, transport sector and employment in the Netherlands depend on how trade flows will eventually shift. If the current trade in soy with Germany, France, Poland and Hungary would cease without replacement by alternatives, the traded volume of Dutch inland shipping will decrease by 0.6 percent.

Explore further: Most EU nations seek to bar GM crops

Related Stories

Most EU nations seek to bar GM crops

October 4, 2015

Nineteen of the 28 EU member states have applied to keep genetically modified crops out of all or part of their territory, the bloc's executive arm said Sunday, the deadline for opting out of new European legislation on GM ...

15 EU nations opt to stay GMO-free

October 1, 2015

Fifteen of the 28 EU member nations are seeking to keep genetically modified organisms out of all or part of their territory, as the deadline for opting out of new European legislation on GMO crops nears, the bloc's executive ...

EU to simplify GMO import approval: sources

April 8, 2015

The EU plans to simplify the import approval process for controversial genetically modified foods and animal feed, allowing member states to decide whether to admit them or not, sources said Wednesday.

'EU reaches compromise deal on GM crops'

May 28, 2014

After years of fractious talks, EU states have finally reached a compromise to allow cultivation of genetically modified (GM) food crops by giving their opponents an opt out, official sources said Wednesday.

China's hunger for soya more animal than vegetable

September 17, 2013

China is the biggest soya consumer in the world, but demand driven by the increasingly wealthy country's voracious appetite for meat and fish raised on the product, rather than tofu or soy sauce.

Recommended for you

EPA adviser is promoting harmful ideas, scientists say

March 22, 2019

The Trump administration's reliance on industry-funded environmental specialists is again coming under fire, this time by researchers who say that Louis Anthony "Tony" Cox Jr., who leads a key Environmental Protection Agency ...

Coffee-based colloids for direct solar absorption

March 22, 2019

Solar energy is one of the most promising resources to help reduce fossil fuel consumption and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions to power a sustainable future. Devices presently in use to convert solar energy into thermal ...

1 comment

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

not rated yet Dec 18, 2015
So physorgs taking anonymous press releases now

Demonstration against Monsanto (and Wageningen UR)
" The Critical Student Group also states that academic research - including at Wageningen - has become too closely intertwined with commercial interests."

So I'm sure this unattributed media release is totally believable

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.