Sharks' hunting ability destroyed under climate change

White shark
Great white shark at Isla Guadalupe, Mexico, August 2006. Credit: Terry Goss/Wikipedia

The hunting ability and growth of sharks will be dramatically impacted by increased CO2 levels and warmer oceans expected by the end of the century, a University of Adelaide study has found.

Published today in the journal Scientific Reports, marine ecologists from the University of Adelaide's Environment Institute report long-term experiments that show warmer waters and will have major detrimental effects on sharks' ability to meet their energy demands, with the effects likely to cascade through entire ecosystems.

The laboratory experiments, studying Port Jackson sharks and including large tanks with natural habitat and prey, found embryonic development was faster under elevated temperatures. But the combination of warmer water and high CO2 increased the sharks' energy requirement, reduced metabolic efficiency and removed their ability to locate through olfaction (smelling). These effects led to marked reductions in growth rates of sharks.

"In warmer water, sharks are hungrier but with increased CO2 they won't be able to find their food," says study leader Associate Professor Ivan Nagelkerken, Australian Research Council (ARC) Future Fellow.

"With a reduced ability to hunt, sharks will no longer be able to exert the same top-down control over the , which is essential for maintaining healthy ocean ecosystems."

PhD student Jennifer Pistevos, who carried out the study, says the Port Jackson is a bottom-feeding shark that primarily relies on its ability to smell to find food. Under higher CO2, the sharks took a much longer time to find their food, or didn't even bother trying, resulting in considerably smaller sharks.

Most research studying the effects of ocean acidification and climate change on fish behaviour has concentrated on small fish prey. Long-term studies on the behaviour and physiology of large, long-lived predators are largely lacking.

Fellow University of Adelaide marine ecologist Professor Sean Connell says the results of the study provide strong support for the call to prevent global overfishing of .

"One-third of shark and ray species are already threatened worldwide because of overfishing," Professor Connell says. "Climate change and ocean acidification are going to add another layer of stress and accelerate those extinction rates."


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Journal information: Scientific Reports

Citation: Sharks' hunting ability destroyed under climate change (2015, November 12) retrieved 16 September 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-11-sharks-ability-climate.html
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Nov 12, 2015
And now they find a "hint" that sharks are "stressed" by AGW...corals are doomed, entire cities will go under the sea level and Santa is going to be lost due to the irreversible decline of the glaciers...very sound and data based scientific statements.

Nov 12, 2015
Really? Does anyone believe this? This looks more like desperate attempt for funding....with little thought or science or logical thinking. Talk about jumping to conclusions....

Nov 12, 2015
Inbred opinions on climate change have become retarded and are destroying the ability to hunt for objective truth.

Nov 12, 2015
OK I'll say it: Climate change has jumped the shark.

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