Friday the 13th and other bad-luck beliefs actually do us some good

February 13, 2015 by M.b. Reilly, University of Cincinnati
Friday the 13th and other bad-luck beliefs actually do us some good

In Western cultures, Friday was traditionally considered a day of bad luck, dating as far back as the 14th century, if not earlier – likely due to religious associations with the crucifixion.

And the number 13 has long been considered unlucky as well. According to University of Cincinnati popular culture expert Rebecca Borah, associate professor, English and in the McMicken College of Arts and Sciences, 13 was considered unlucky by both pre-Christian and, later, Christian societies.

She stated, "The pre-Christian societies often noted the number 12 as representing completeness due to lunar cycles. So, 13 was a stepchild of a number. Later, a Christian overlay was added since the 13th apostle was Judas Iscariot."

She added that it was in the early 1900s when we can find evidence where the two superstitions merged, and Friday the 13th emerged as a day of "especially bad karma."

Numerology: Making sense of a chaotic world

In general, ancient societies like those of the Norse and the Celts used numerology and other beliefs we might find superstitious as a way of explaining, ordering or taking comfort in a chaotic world. Such beliefs provided a sense of a larger predictive pattern, an order to life, thus providing comfort and some security. In other words, numerology provided a sense of perspective and some sense of control.

For instance, to this day, we still refer to the number seven as "lucky" and anything good that we can associate with that number comes with a ready-made explanation. Likewise, other numbers (such as 13) were associated with less positive connotations, and anything unfortunate associated with them would be a means for making of events that might otherwise seem inexplicable.

So, to a certain extent, these beliefs do the same for us still. Said Borah, "Tell me that if you're computer goes on the fritz on Friday the 13th, you don't feel a little bit better for having a ready-made explanation. And that's a psychological plus in a frustrating situation."

Borah adds that superstitions endure across the centuries because humans are such creatures of habit: "We do inherit and continue habitual beliefs and habits. So, once a belief about a number or a day or other superstition has some traction, it becomes enduring."

For instance, some religious traditions hold that Eve tempted Adam with the apple on a Friday, and that Cain slew Abel on a Friday the 13th. And groups of 13 have been viewed as an invitation to calamity – whether at a dinner party or the number of a group of adventurers. Such was the case in the novel, "The Hobbit," where the character Bilbo makes for the 14th member of a group as a means for avoiding bad luck.

And, that heritage continues still in the form of anecdotal tales of associated with a superstition. According to Borah, "We know that if you want someone to believe something, tell a story or anecdote rather than share statistics. Well, literature for centuries has been filled with tales of Friday as an ill-favored day and of 13 as an ill-favored . In just the past few years, we've had movies continue that tradition with films like 'Freaky Friday' and the 'Friday the 13th' movie series."

So, don't expect such to disappear anytime soon.

Instead, recommended Borah, celebrate the day with a baker's dozen of your favorite treat: "For me, it's cupcakes, and I'm going to eat that 13th cupcake."

Explore further: Friday the 13th and other bad-luck beliefs actually do us some good

Related Stories

No bad luck this friday unless you think it will happen

April 10, 2012

(Medical Xpress) -- Have you watched the movie Friday the 13th? Scary, isn’t it? Well, perhaps not quite as scary as the infamous Rebecca Black song, “Friday” – but close enough. If you are one of those ...

Do you fear…Now that Friday the 13th is here?

May 13, 2011

(Medical Xpress) -- Have you watched the movie Friday the 13th? Scary, isn’t it? Well, perhaps not quite as scary as the infamous Rebecca Black song, “Friday” – but close enough. If you are one of those ...

Lucky charms: When are superstitions used most?

January 23, 2015

It might be a lucky pair of socks, or a piece of jewelry; whatever the item, many people turn to a superstition or lucky charm to help achieve a goal. For instance, you used a specific avatar to win a game and now you see ...

Recommended for you

Tiny 'water bears' can teach us about survival

March 20, 2019

Earth's ultimate survivors can weather extreme heat, cold, radiation and even the vacuum of space. Now the U.S. military hopes these tiny critters called tardigrades can teach us about true toughness.

A decade on, smartphone-like software finally heads to space

March 20, 2019

Once a traditional satellite is launched into space, its physical hardware and computer software stay mostly immutable for the rest of its existence as it orbits the Earth, even as the technology it serves on the ground continues ...

Researchers find hidden proteins in bacteria

March 20, 2019

Scientists at the University of Illinois at Chicago have developed a way to identify the beginning of every gene—known as a translation start site or a start codon—in bacterial cell DNA with a single experiment and, through ...

Turn off a light, save a life, says new study

March 20, 2019

We all know that turning off lights and buying energy-efficient appliances affects our financial bottom line. Now, according to a new study by University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers, we know that saving energy also saves ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.