The colors of nature: Nine beautiful new wasp species from China

The colors of nature: 9 beautiful new wasp species from China
This is C. sinensis shining in vibrant blue. Credit: Zai-fu Xu

A new study provides seventeen records of the cuckoo wasp genus Cleptes from China, nine of which are beautifully coloured new to science species. The study, published in the open access journal ZooKeys, is the first revision of the genus from China, providing morphological data and illustrations.

The revised belongs to the engaging cuckoo wasp family Chrysididae. As their common name suggests, these have some peculiar parasitoid nesting habits. Often highly sculptured, with brilliantly colored metallic-like bodies they are also called jewel wasps, gold wasps, or emerald wasps.

Just like the cuckoo the wasps sneak in and lay their eggs in host nests. When hatched the larvae consume the host egg or larva, while they are still young, and after eliminating competition they move onto consuming the provisions. The members of the genus revised are parasitoids of the prepupae of sawflies.

Another interesting survival mechanism of the wasps is their ability to curl into a protective ball when in danger, a process known as conglobation. In nature this mechanism is also seen in pill bugs and armadillos.

The colors of nature: 9 beautiful new wasp species from China
This image shows the new species C. helanshanus, decorated with bright green and yellow colors. Credit: Zai-fu Xu

"Relatively thoroughly studied in Europe and North America, there are only a few and non-systematic studies for Asia. In China, the fauna of Cleptes is still very poorly known. This study is the first revision of the genus there, recognising seventeen species, nine of which are new to science, and marking the road for future studies," comments Zai-fu Xu, South China Agricultural University.

The colors of nature: 9 beautiful new wasp species from China
This image shows off the beautiful metallic shine of the new species C. tibetensis. Credit: Zai-fu Xu

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More information: Wei N-s, Rosa P, XuZ-f (2013) Revision of the Chinese Cleptes (Hymenoptera, Chrysididae) with description of new species. ZooKeys 362: 55–96. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.362.6175
Journal information: ZooKeys

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Citation: The colors of nature: Nine beautiful new wasp species from China (2013, December 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-12-nature-beautiful-wasp-species-china.html
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210
Dec 13, 2013
On a large screen Retina display, the colors are so vivid and rich, They look like they are made of living metal! Many paints derive their pigment, hue and texture from metals and metal-containing compounds, humm, I wonder...

But anyway - on a large, high quality screen, these things are scary beautiful.

word-

Dec 13, 2013
Nature never ceases to amaze.

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