People who lie while texting take longer to respond

September 5, 2013
BYU research found that people who lie in digital conversations take longer to respond and make more edits before they hit send. Credit: Jaren S. Wilkey/BYU Photo

Ever been trading a flurry of text messages when there's an awkward pause? Well, new research shows you probably should be suspicious.

A Brigham Young University study finds when people lie in digital messages – texting, social media or instant messaging – they take longer to respond, make more edits and write shorter responses than usual.

"Digital conversations are a fertile ground for deception because people can easily conceal their identity and their messages often appear credible," says Tom Meservy, BYU professor of information systems. "Unfortunately, humans are terrible at detecting deception. We're creating methods to correct that."

According to Meservy, humans can detect lies about 54 percent of the time accurately – not much better than a coin flip. It's even harder to tell when someone is lying through a digital message because you can't hear a voice or see an expression.

With the many financial, security and personal safety implications of digital deception, Meservy and fellow BYU professor Jeffrey Jenkins, along with colleagues at the University of Nebraska-Omaha and the University of Arizona, set up an experimental instrument that tracked possible cues of online lying.

The researchers created a that carried out online conversations with participants – similar to the experience consumers have with online customer service questions.

More than 100 students from two large universities, one in the southeastern U.S. and one in the southwestern U.S., had conversations with the computer, which asked them 30 questions each.

The participants were told to lie in about half of their responses. The researchers found responses filled with lies took 10 percent longer to create and were edited more than truthful messages.

"We are starting to identify signs given off by individuals that aren't easily tracked by humans," Meservy said. "The potential is that chat-based systems could be created to track deception in real-time."

The findings appear online this week in the academic information systems journal ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems.

Meservy and Jenkins, who coauthored the study, said we shouldn't automatically assume someone is lying if they take longer to respond, but the study does provide some general patterns.

The researchers are furthering this line of research by using a variety of other sensors including Microsoft's Kinect to track human behavior and see how it connects with deception.

"We are just at the beginning of this," Jenkins said. "We need to collect a lot more data."

Explore further: Online communication boosts lying and E-mail is the medium that contains the most lies: study

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2.3 / 5 (9) Sep 05, 2013
Or they could just be busy.
3.2 / 5 (5) Sep 05, 2013
I would have responded to this earlier, but I was busy trying to figure out why my Ferrari clashes with my Lamborghini.
1.6 / 5 (7) Sep 05, 2013
/me chuckles
2.5 / 5 (4) Sep 06, 2013
The next step is to build the lie detection into the messaging app. Lies should be colored red, and truthful texts should be colored green.
1 / 5 (1) Sep 06, 2013
The next step is to build the lie detection into the messaging app. Lies should be colored red, and truthful texts should be colored green.

The step after that will be a text response app.

"Response time to your last text has entered the questionable timing phase. At this point, you are advised to wait 4 minutes with a bathroom excuse, 8 minutes with a work called excuse, or 9 hours with Fell Asleep."

or, after repeatedly writing and deleting different responses, Clippy pops up:

"It looks like you are attempting to Prevaricate. Would you like help with that?"
1.7 / 5 (6) Sep 07, 2013
I never use text messaging, but a lot of times when I use email or online chat programs I do find that I take longer than most to write a message, even though I type 65 wpm.

I am not intentionally deceptive, it's just I like to pick words and phrases that say what I really mean.

Also, carefully answering a question or such, while withholding some information which the other person need not know about, is not a lie. It's just intelligent that you don't always tell everyone everything you know about some situations.

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