Driving somewhere? There's a gov't record of that

July 17, 2013 by Anne Flaherty

(AP)—Chances are local or state police departments have photographs of individuals' cars in their files, noting where a person was driving on a particular day, even if the person never did anything wrong.

Using automated scanners, across the U.S. have amassed millions of digital records on the location and movement of every vehicle with a , according to a study published Wednesday by the American Civil Liberties Union. Affixed to cars, bridges or buildings, the scanners capture images of passing or parked vehicles and note their location, uploading that information into police databases. Departments keep the records for weeks or years, sometimes indefinitely.

As the technology becomes cheaper and more ubiquitous, and federal grants focus on aiding local terrorist detection, even small police agencies are able to deploy more sophisticated surveillance systems. While the Supreme Court ruled in 2012 that a judge's approval is needed to track a car with a satellite system, networks of plate scanners allow police effectively to track a driver's location, sometimes several times every day, with few legal restrictions. The ACLU says the scanners assemble what it calls a "single, high-resolution image of our lives."

"There's just a fundamental question of whether we're going to live in a society where these dragnet surveillance systems become routine," said Catherine Crump, a staff attorney with the ACLU. The civil rights group is proposing that police departments immediately delete any records of cars not linked to a crime.

The report comes after former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden leaked details about NSA earlier this year, revealing a broad U.S. intelligence program to monitor Internet and telephone activity to ferret out terror plots.

Law enforcement officials said the scanners can be crucial to tracking suspicious cars, aiding drug busts and finding abducted children. License plate scanners also can be efficient. The state of Maryland told the ACLU that troopers could "maintain a normal patrol stance" while capturing up to 7,000 license plate images in a single eight hour shift.

"At a time of fiscal and budget constraints, we need better assistance for law enforcement," said Harvey Eisenberg, chief of the national security section and assistant U.S. attorney in the state of Maryland.

Law enforcement officials also point out that the technology is legal in most cases, automating a practice that has been carried out for years. The ACLU found that only five states have laws governing license plate readers. New Hampshire, for example, bans the technology except in narrow circumstances, while Maine and Arkansas limit how long plate information can be stored.

"There's no expectation of privacy" for a vehicle driving on a public road or parked in a public place, said Lt. Bill Hedgpeth, a spokesman for the Mesquite Police Department in Texas, which has records stretching back to 2008, although the city plans next month to begin deleting files older than two years. "It's just a vehicle. It's just a license plate."

In Yonkers, New York, police said retaining the information indefinitely helps detectives solve future crimes. In a statement, the department said it uses license plate readers as a "reactive investigative tool" that is only accessed if detectives are looking for a particular vehicle in connection to a crime.

"These plate readers are not intended nor used to follow the movements of members of the public," the department's statement said.

But even if say they don't want a public location tracking system, the records add up quickly. In Jersey City, New Jersey, for example, the population is only 250,000 but the city collected more than 2 million plate images on file. Because the city keeps records for five years, the ACLU estimates that it has some 10 million on file, making it possible for police to plot the movements of most residents depending upon the number and location of the scanners, according to the ACLU.

The ACLU study, based on 26,000 pages of responses from 293 police departments and state agencies across the country, also found that license plate scanners produced a small fraction of "hits," or alerts to police that a suspicious vehicle has been found. .

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3 / 5 (4) Jul 17, 2013
So they can track your movements in public. Where anyone can see you.

Lots of thunder here, no flash.

Has anyone ever had any real problem with this? I mean has there been any impact on anyone's life due to this sort of thing? Even the NSA monitoring - has it ever affected anyone?

You say of course - it has affected people with expired tags, outstanding warrants, etc. ?


Personally, I don't see a problem with this at all - it enforces the laws and may possibly have even prevented an accident that would have been caused by a scofflaw who felt they were above the law and had no need to pay their tickets or properly register or inspect their car.
2 / 5 (4) Jul 17, 2013
Where anyone can see you.

But only those with extensive automated snooping networks can follow you around 24/7.

The first law of such systems is that if it can be abused, it will be abused at some point in time. Maybe not now, maybe not tomorrow, but at some point someone is going to have a peek in to see if their wife is seeing somebody else, or to harass a person, or to install a stasi-style government surveillance network that is used to pre-emptively make people dissapear for the suspected crime of "terrorism".
5 / 5 (1) Jul 17, 2013

I don't believe you are thinking through this. In the state of MN right now there are all sorts of lawsuits regarding illegal access of driver license data by --- law enforcement officers!! They are just snooping around being nosy, usually regarding some attractive woman. Judgments have been paid out and criminal cases are being threatened.

Sure, when I go out in public, I know people are going to see me -- but I do not go out in public with the expectation of having every move I make monitored by the government. That type of intrusive activity makes me want to stay home - impacting the businesses I no longer frequent as a result. I'm more likely to shop where I'm not being monitored.

The people who founded the US believed that some blood had to be spent to protect freedom. It seems like any more that we don't believe that as a country - that we are more likely to give up our freedom for safety and so a few scofflaws can't avoid a few tickets.

Too bad for us.
Captain Stumpy
1.6 / 5 (7) Jul 18, 2013
the biggest reason that this happens in America is because Americans are afraid to stand against the government when things are against freedom and the constitution.
although it can be a useful tool, it is also a useful weapon. there should be a judicial warrant issued for the use of this technology... just as there should be for wire taps.
2.3 / 5 (6) Jul 18, 2013
Just think England and then some. Once the door is open to this type of thing, who knows what will walk through them in the future. Power corrupts. People never learn from history.
3.4 / 5 (5) Jul 18, 2013
We know that America is one of the most dishonest and corrupt nations on earth.

The concern is therefore the manufacture of false data that supports government doctrine.

Global Warming provides an example of how shills and liars manufacture false news in order to support their denialist positions.

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