Global precipitation variability decreased from 1940 to 2009

One of the strongly held assumptions of climate change is that the variability of precipitation will grow with an increase in temperature. Storms will become heavier but less frequent. Flash floods and droughts will increase. Regions that see extensive rainfall will get even more while arid regions will dry out.

These projections stem from the way temperature affects precipitation patterns in global models. However, drawing on seven databases representing global monthly mean precipitation values, Sun et al.find that from 1940 to 2009 global overland precipitation variability actually decreased. In addition, they find that the changes in precipitation patterns that did occur led to a redistribution of rainfall such that on average wet areas and seasons got drier, and dry areas and seasons got wetter.

The authors' findings stem from a novel interpretation of existing precipitation databases that enabled them to separate the overall precipitation variability into temporal and spatial components. They find that, in agreement with previous research, some regions saw increases in the temporal variability of precipitation. These increases were offset by decreases in other regions and concurrent changes in spatial variability. They find that precipitation increased in mid and but decreased near the equator and in the .

The authors suggest that although precipitation variability may increase with rising carbon dioxide, the overall decreasing trend is driven by the effects of . They suggest that aerosol emissions generally dampen precipitation variability in heavily emitting regions, leading to a net decline in global land precipitation variability over the study period.


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More information: Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2012GL053369, 2012
Journal information: Geophysical Research Letters

Citation: Global precipitation variability decreased from 1940 to 2009 (2012, October 29) retrieved 18 June 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-10-global-precipitation-variability-decreased.html
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Oct 29, 2012
How would this affect the popular notion of GW causing more frequent and more intense tropical storms? Seems to contradict that thought.

Oct 29, 2012
Actually I think they are saying that the variability that would be expected from CO2 increases alone are being dampened by the aerosol load in the atmosphere. Its an overall thing, and generally does not speak to specific storms.

Overall, then, yes it would suggest that the popular notion of more frequent and more intense storms is incorrect.

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