New system may one day steer microrobots through blood vessels for disease treatment

Researchers use a magnetic field to generate both side-to-side and corkscrew-like motions of tiny robots.

Microscopic-scale medical robots represent a promising new type of therapeutic technology. As envisioned, the microbots, which are less than one millimeter in size, might someday be able to travel throughout the to deliver drugs to specific targets or seek out and destroy tumors, blood clots, and infections that can't be easily accessed in other ways.

One challenge in the deployment of microbots, however, is developing a system to accurately "drive" them and maneuver them through the complex and convoluted circulatory system, to a chosen destination. Researchers from Korea's Hanyang University in Seoul and Chonnam National University in Gwangju now describe, in the AIP's Proceedings of the 56th Annual Conference on Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, a new navigation system that uses an to generate two distinct types of microbot movements: "helical", or corkscrew-like, motions, which propel the microbots forward or backward, or even allow them to "dig" into or other obstructions; and "translational," or side-to-side motions, which allow the 'bots to, for example, veer into one side of a branched artery.

In lab tests, the researchers used the system to accurately steer a microbot through a mock blood vessel filled with water. The work, the researchers say, could be extended to the "precise and effective manipulation of a microbot in several organs of the human body, such as the , the urinary system, the eye, and others."


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More information: "Magnetic Navigation Systems for the Precise Helical and Translational Motions of a Microrobot in Human Blood Vessels" is part of the Proceedings of the 56th Annual Conference on Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, to be published in the Journal of Applied Physics in April.
Journal information: Journal of Applied Physics

Provided by American Institute of Physics
Citation: New system may one day steer microrobots through blood vessels for disease treatment (2011, December 16) retrieved 15 October 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-12-day-microrobots-blood-vessels-disease.html
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Dec 16, 2011
Singularity is near, Ray Kurzweil most insane predictions slowly(step by step)...are coming.

Dec 16, 2011
Singularity is near, Ray Kurzweil most insane predictions slowly(step by step)...are coming.


I coudl envision clothing with solar PV cells on the outside, lined with small electromagnets on the inside and computer control systems to guide permanent nano-bots through the blood stream of the entire body.

Some sort of implant could be devised which would filter the blood to sort back out the nano-bots, and then interface with them to reprogram and re-charge them from the excess solar power.

The ability to perform targetted removal of plaque/cholesterol, viruses, bacteria, and cancers from the blood stream would be beyond anything yet imagined in medicine.

Dec 16, 2011
Can't wait for more info on this...keep up the good work!:-)

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