NZ oil spill may hurt marine ecosystems, experts say

NZ oil spill may hurt marine ecosystems, experts say
A handout picture provided by Maritime New Zealand of oiled penguins are being treated at the wildlife rehabilitation facility set up at Tauranga, New Zealand, 07 October 2011. Credit: AAP

Experts have warned of damage to marine ecosystems after the cargo ship Rena struck a New Zealand reef and leaked around 50 tons of oil into the Bay of Plenty.

New Zealand maritime authorities said on Monday that “fist-sized patties” of have washed up on New Zealand beaches following the spill.

“A public health warning has been issued. No shellfish or fin fish should be eaten from waters with visible oil contamination,” a statement posted on the Maritime New Zealand website said.

Nine birds, including seven little blue penguins and two shags, had been rescued by wildlife response teams and reports of oil-slicked seals are being investigated, the statement said.

Professor Ravi Naidu, Managing director of the Co-operative Research Center For Contamination Assessment And Remediation of The Environment, in South Australia, said the oil will not disappear quickly.

“This spill could impact on the sensitive aquatic environment and life cycle of the marine ecosystem,” he said.

“There are volatile hydrocarbons in the oil which will disperse but the oil which is not removed will continue to have an effect. There will be some natural remediation by microbes in the coastal environment, but it may be found that these are not as active as they are in warmer tropical waters.”

Marine ecologist Associate Professor Mark Costello, at Auckland University’s Leigh Marine Laboratory, said that some microbes may be able to break down oil depending on the type of oil and environmental factors.

“Dispersants, like a lot of detergents, will kill animals and plants as well. Some of the new ones may be safer, but I don’t know how safe they are,” he said.

“You do get natural oil and gas leaks in various parts of the world. The marine microbes which break down oil slicks seem to be pretty cosmopolitan and they break down lumps of oil in other places.”

“I know people have sprayed nutrients such as nitrogen on beaches to try and speed up the growth of bacteria that would help degrade the oil — but as far as I know this has been experimental and it’s not yet clear whether it has any effect in degrading the oil faster. The nutrients could have their own knock-on effect”.

This story is published courtesy of the The Conversation (under Creative Commons-Attribution/No derivatives).

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User comments

Oct 11, 2011
Sucks as it was caused by shady registered and controlled shipping company. Time to ban shipping companies from certain countries or apply huge costs when error is involved in an incident. Countries shouldn't be required to pick up the bill, natural and cost wise, for bad company performance.

Oct 11, 2011
During the recent BP oil spill a very effective sand cleaning tool was introduced by a small company in Oregon. While Kevin Costners machine may have gotten all the press, Equi-Tee Manufacturing Tarball Forks were quietly cleaning on the beaches of Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Hopefully someone knows someone in New Zealand and can make a call so these efficient handtools can be put to use instead of the cat poop scoops in use now!

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