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Networks of gene activity control organ development

For the first time, researchers have decoded the genetic programmes that control the development of major organs in humans and other selected mammals—rhesus monkeys, mice, rats, rabbits and opossums—before and after birth. ...

Novel watermelon rootstock knocks out disease and pests

A new watermelon line, developed by Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and Clemson University scientists, gets to the root of the problem of a major disease and pest of watermelon crops in the southern United States.

Biochip advances enable next-generation sequencing technologies

Biochips are essentially tiny laboratories designed to function inside living organisms, and they are driving next-generation DNA sequencing technologies. This powerful combination is capable of solving unique and important ...

Using the power of math to improve food texture, consistency

The word starch brings to mind for many people either a food component or something used to stiffen clothing—but its use covers much territory. Starch is used in a wide variety of food and non-food settings. In fact, the ...

Scientists chart course toward a new world of synthetic biology

Genetically engineered trees that provide fire-resistant lumber for homes. Modified organs that won't be rejected. Synthetic microbes that monitor your gut to detect invading disease organisms and kill them before you get ...

Making systems robust

The human body keeps the calcium concentration in the blood constant, similarly to an aircraft's autopilot keeping the plane at a constant altitude. What they have in common is that both the body and the autopilot employ ...

Phage display for engineering blood-contacting surfaces

Surfaces that enable endothelial cell attachment without causing blood clotting are needed for various tissue engineering efforts. A new approach involving phage display has been used to identify unique peptides with these ...

Efficiently producing fatty acids and biofuels from glucose

Researchers have presented a new strategy for efficiently producing fatty acids and biofuels that can transform glucose and oleaginous microorganisms into microbial diesel fuel, with one-step direct fermentative production.

Directed evolution comes to plants

A new platform for speeding up and controlling the evolution of proteins inside living plants has been developed by a KAUST-led team.

Turning the switch on biofuels

Plant cell walls contain a renewable, nearly limitless supply of sugar that can be used in the production of chemicals and biofuels. However, retrieving these sugars isn't all that easy.

Methods in belowground botany

Plant root systems play a crucial role in ecosystems, radically impacting everything from nutrient cycling to species composition. Despite their importance, scientists are just beginning to develop the tools to understand ...

Wheat myth debunked by a major new study

The myth that modern wheat varieties are more heavily reliant on pesticides and fertilisers is debunked by new research published in Nature Plants today.

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Inducing an osteoarthritic (OA) phenotype in a cartilage-on-a-chip (COC) model
Biotechnology
Researchers develop new method for deriving 3-D protein structures from lab-designed DNA sequences, mutant genes
Biotechnology
Sequencing the almond reveals how it went from bitter to sweet
Ecology
Virus genes help determine if pea aphids get their wings
Biotechnology
Research uncovers elusive process essential to plant greening
Plants & Animals
Exciting plant vacuoles: Researchers shed new light on plant communication via electrical signals
Biotechnology
Researchers find genes that could help create more resilient chickens
Cell & Microbiology
Once thought to be asexual, single-celled parasites caught in the act
Cell & Microbiology
Flies go all-in to overcome mitochondrial genetic mutation, reach adulthood
Ecology
Researchers discover interactions between plant and insect-infecting viruses
Biotechnology
New gene editor harnesses jumping genes for precise DNA integration
Biotechnology
Research decodes plant defense system, with an eye on improving farming and medicine
Biotechnology
The battle to save citrus fruits
Biotechnology
An unnatural way to make natural products
Evolution
Switchgrass hybrid yields insights into plant evolution
Biotechnology
From face to DNA: New method aims to improve match between DNA sample and face database
Biotechnology
New microorganism for algae biomass to produce alternative fuels
Biotechnology
Biotechnology: Using wireless power to light up tiny neural stimulators
Plants & Animals
Structuring sweetness: What makes Stevia 200 times sweeter than sugar
Plants & Animals
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Other news

Astronomy
The first AI universe sim is fast and accurate—and its creators don't know how it works
General Physics
The fundamental physics of frequency combs sheds light on nature's problem-solving skills
General Physics
Quantum ghost imaging improved by using five-atom correlations
Archaeology & Fossils
A new normal: Study explains universal pattern in fossil record
Archaeology & Fossils
Neanderthals used resin 'glue' to craft their stone tools
Materials Science
Team combines cutting-edge modeling with 300-year-old statistical analysis technique to enhance material properties
Evolution
What made humans 'the fat primate'?
Condensed Matter
Low-temperature aqueous alteration of Martian zircon during the late Amazonian period
Cell & Microbiology
Learning from experience is all in the timing
Evolution
The ancient history of Neanderthals in Europe
Archaeology & Fossils
Neanderthals made repeated use of the ancient settlement of 'Ein Qashish, Israel
Social Sciences
Given more information about how wine is made, consumers less likely to pay for organic
Ecology
Honeybees infect wild bumblebees—through shared flowers
Ecology
New indicators could help manage global overfishing
Plants & Animals
Researchers unlocking keys to longevity of egg cell supply in mammals
Earth Sciences
Study reveals key factor in Himalayan earthquake rupture
Optics & Photonics
Building a bridge to the quantum world
General Physics
Experimental physicists redefine ultrafast, coherent magnetism
Bio & Medicine
By turning molecular structures into sounds, researchers gain insight into protein structures and create new variations
Astronomy
Highest energy photons ever recorded coming from Crab Nebula