Researchers explore mechanics of silk to design materials with high strength and low density
Spider silk has long been noted for its graceful structure, as well as its advanced material properties: Ounce for ounce, it is stronger than steel.
New shield makes certain types of searches for physics beyond Standard Model possible for first time
The Standard Model of particle physics, sometimes called "The Theory of Almost Everything," is the best set of equations to date that describes the universe's fundamental particles and how they interact. ...
Three-decade quest backs physics' 'Standard Model'
Scientists on Wednesday said that after a nearly three-decade bid they had detected a telltale change in a sub-atomic particle, further backing a key theory about the Universe.
In evolution, 'house of cards' model wins
Using sophisticated modeling of genomic data from diverse species, Yale researchers have answered a longstanding question about which competing model of evolution works best.
Climate scientists find elusive tropospheric hot spot
Researchers have published results in Environmental Research Letters confirming strong warming in the upper troposphere, known colloquially as the tropospheric hotspot. The hot has been long expected as par ...
VERIFI code optimization yields three-fold increase in engine simulation speed
For engine designers in the digital age, time is money. And that time is measured in computer cycles.
Climate change's future impact uncertain on Midwest water cycle, study finds
Will climate change make the U.S. Midwest drier or wetter during the summer growing season? A new Dartmouth-led study finds that the answer remains uncertain.
Type and frequency of tropical clouds important for simulations of surface energy impact
Clouds are energy traffic cops, controlling how much sunlight reaches Earth. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers used long-term observations to show that the sunlight stopping power of each ...
Particle physics discovery raises hope for a theory of everything
The standard model of particle physics, which describes every particle we know of and how they interact, was given much credence when the Higgs boson was discovered in 2012. Now, measurements of a rare part ...
Years of results regarding secondary organic aerosols reduce uncertainty in climate projections
For the past 20 years, a large portion of the particles measured in the atmosphere were missing from models. At best, models were able to explain one-tenth of the carbon-rich secondary organic aerosols, or ...
Solving corrosive ocean mystery reveals future climate
Around 55 million years ago, an abrupt global warming event triggered a highly corrosive deep-water current through the North Atlantic Ocean. The current's origin puzzled scientists for a decade, but an international ...
A first step towards testing dark energy theories on the table top
Scientists from FOM and the VU University Amsterdam have designed an experiment to test a popular candidate theory that could explain the mechanisms behind dark energy. Now, they have reached an important ...
Towards the ultimate model of water
Researchers from the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), IBM and the University of Edinburgh have developed the first conceptually simple but broadly applicable model for water.
An improved model for star formation
Star formation, once thought to consist essentially of just the simple coalescence of material by gravity, actually occurs in a complex series of stages. As the gas and dust in giant molecular clouds come ...