Mathematicians model fluids at the mesoscale
When it comes to boiling water—or the phenomenon of applying heat to a liquid until it transitions to a gas—is there anything left for today's scientists to study? The surprising answer is, yes, quite ...
The building blocks of the future defy logic
Wake up in the morning and stretch; your midsection narrows. Pull on a piece of plastic at separate ends; it becomes thinner. So does a rubber band. One might assume that when a force is applied along an ...
We could all be worse off because of price comparison websites
The existence of price comparison websites may be bad for consumers, research by the University of Warwick's Department of Economics has found.
Minimizing 'false positives' key to vaccinating against bovine TB
New diagnostic tests are needed to make vaccination against bovine tuberculosis (bovine TB) viable and the number of false positives from these tests must be below 15 out of every 10,000 cattle tested, according ...
Mathematical model controls a micromanipulation system more accurately
A mathematical model can improve the accuracy and repeatability of a positioning system by learning to anticipate tiny errors in its movements, show A*STAR researchers.
Decision cascades in social networks
How do people in a social network behave? How are opinions, decisions and behaviors of individuals influenced by their online networks? Can the application of math help answer these questions?
Uncovering complex network structures in nature
The global spread of Ebola is due to the complex interactions between individuals, societies, and transportation and trade networks. Understanding and building appropriate statistical and mathematical models ...
The utility of mathematical models in evolutionary biology
Despite their important role as "proof-of-concept" tests in evolutionary research, mathematical models are commonly misunderstood in the biology research community.
Research could improve nuclear power plant safety – and stop your kettle furring up
Taking inspiration from nature, researchers have created a versatile model to predict how stalagmite-like structures form in nuclear processing plants – as well as how lime scale builds up in kettles.
Hackers begone: Measurement-device-independent QKD increases clock rate and transmission distance while reducing failure
A numbers game: Math helps to predict how the body fights disease
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute researchers have defined for the first time how the size of the immune response is controlled, using mathematical models to predict how powerfully immune cells respond to infection ...
Killing off alien invaders – with maths
Environmental scientists are using a new mathematical model to ensure that feral pests are well and truly beaten.
Granular model explains unusual behavior in sand
From a mechanical perspective, granular materials are stuck between a rock and a fluid place, with behavior resembling neither a solid nor a liquid. Think of sand through an hourglass: As grains funnel through, ...
Stock market models help researchers predict animal behavior
In an unexpected mashup of financial and mechanical engineering, researchers have discovered that the same modeling used to forecast fluctuations in the stock market can be used to predict aspects of animal ...