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Mathematicians discover how to stop sloshing using porous baffles

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Credit: Pixabay from Pexels

Studies by applied mathematicians at the University of Surrey are helping to identify ways of reducing how much liquids slosh around inside tanks.

Baffles slow down the movement of fluid by diverting its flow. The research found that two or three porous baffles dividing a tank calms sloshing better than a single separator, but the returns diminish as more baffles are added. The paper is published in the Journal of Engineering Mathematics.

The findings and improved understanding into how external movement impacts the way liquids slosh could help mathematicians and engineers design better tankers to transport liquids on land or at sea.

The findings could also be used in tuned liquid dampers, which reduce the sway of skyscrapers in earthquakes and .

Dr. Matthew Turner, a mathematician at the University of Surrey and expert in who conducted the research using mathematical modeling, said, "Sloshing liquids can impact safety and efficiency. For example, if a tanker transporting liquids via road stopped suddenly, extreme movement of liquid inside the tanker could move the vehicle forwards, and unstable fuel loads in a space rocket could be catastrophic. Porous baffles inserted within a tank can help stabilize loads and reduce sloshing. Our research helps clarify how many it's worth using."

Jane Nicholson, EPSRC's director of research base, said, "This demonstrates the potential impact of math research, as a result of our small grants investment. It is motivated by to ensure the safer and more efficient transportation of liquids and will bring new solutions in a wide range of sectors."

Next Dr. Turner wants to investigate whether actively varying how porous the baffles are could offer further benefits, "A mechanism which controls the rate of flow through the baffle could help us optimize designs. It could also be helpful when designing wave energy converters."

More information: M. R. Turner, Dynamic sloshing in a rectangular vessel with porous baffles, Journal of Engineering Mathematics (2024). DOI: 10.1007/s10665-024-10333-7

Citation: Mathematicians discover how to stop sloshing using porous baffles (2024, February 27) retrieved 22 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-02-mathematicians-sloshing-porous-baffles.html
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