Engineers Find New 'Lake,' Prompting Emergency Floodwater Release from Falcon Dam

Jul 20, 2010

( -- The Center for Space Research at The University of Texas at Austin has discovered that a 200-square-mile lake has formed in the Rio Grande Basin of northern Mexico, threatening residents of Starr County and others in the Rio Grande Valley.

Gordon Wells, a research engineer with the center, has been closely monitoring the engineering research center's to anticipate regional flooding. On July 9 he discovered the new "lake," about the same size as the Rio Grande River mainstream reservoir and fishing paradise, Falcon International Reservoir.

Wells, the science and technology adviser for the Texas Division of Emergency Management, immediately notified the International Boundary and Water Commission, the binational agency charged with flood control along the Rio Grande.

The commission has since changed plans for floodwater release.

"We're looking for missing water," Wells says. "The question of how much rainfall occurred in Mexico following Hurricane Alex and 2 has been a constant concern, because the reservoirs cannot be operated correctly if unknown flows exist in the system. The dams make emergency releases to compensate, but thousands of people are impacted even in a 'controlled' event."

As a result of the continuing influx of stormwater, evacuations are occurring in communities in Starr County and surrounding areas. Preparations are underway for possible larger-scale evacuations as the runoff triggers escalation of emergency water releases from the reservoirs and downstream communities are affected.

The new reservoir formed when the Río Salado overflowed its banks between the Venustiano Carranza Dam in Nuevo Leon and Falcon Dam on the U.S.-Mexico border. As a result, Mexican Highways 85 and 2 became impassable. The Salado River feeds Falcon Reservoir and the new, two-week-old "lake" now draining down the Rio Salado grew to about the same size as Falcon Lake.

"The lake formed from an unusual 'choked flow' condition," Wells says, "and its floodwaters are now entering Falcon Reservoir, raising the flood pool into the critical level above the all-time record set in 1958."

Wells uses the satellite images to create models that forecast flood-affected areas.

"The current modeling predicts the reservoir flood pool will peak at 2.5 feet above the all-time record," he says.

A suite of services developed and supported by staff at the Texas Advanced Computing Center allows Wells and his team to manage, view and share terabytes of data. A custom Web configuration allows the team to immediately provide access to critical data, such as images of the new "," anywhere in the world, instantaneously.

Residents in the Rio Grande Basin have been advised to continue to monitor National Weather Service warnings and forecasts for updated information and river forecasts concerning flood conditions.

Explore further: A 3-D view of the Greenland Ice Sheet opens window on ice history

Provided by News from The University of Texas at Austin

4.4 /5 (7 votes)
add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

U.S. buys water to protect minnow

Jul 14, 2006

The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation is buying water from Santa Fe, N.M., to protect the endangered silvery minnow swimming in the Rio Grande.

Rio Grande River basin snow is studied

Jul 18, 2005

A multi-million dollar, 10-year study is under way in the Rio Grande basin to track the water cycle from the river's Colorado headwaters across New Mexico.

Pike escape over dam feared

May 13, 2006

A heavier-than-normal snow melt could help the voracious non-native northern pike escape from the Plumas County, Calif., reservoir.

NASA satellites watch as China constructs giant dam

Jun 12, 2007

Some call it the eighth wonder of world. Others say it's the next Great Wall of China. Upon completion in 2009, the Three Gorges Dam along China’s Yangtze River will be the world's largest hydroelectric power generator ...

Recommended for you

Geologists solve mystery of Tibetan mountains

Jan 23, 2015

In the most comprehensive study of its kind, University of Kansas geologists have unraveled one of the geologic mysteries of Tibet. The research, recently published online in Nature Geoscience, shows that i ...

Image: Greenland's Leidy Glacier

Jan 23, 2015

Located in the northwest corner of Greenland, Leidy Glacier is fed by ice from the Academy Glacier (upstream and inland). As Leidy approaches the sea, it is diverted around the tip of an island that separates ...

User comments : 0

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.