Flame cultivation promising as weed control method for cranberry

Sep 16, 2013
This image shows weeds on a cranberry farm being treated with the type of open flame cultivation tool used in the study. The method proved successful for controlling weeds. Credit: Krystal DeMoranville

Cranberries are important agricultural commodities in states such as Massachusetts, Wisconsin, New Jersey, Washington, and Oregon. But cranberry-growing operations are challenged by weeds, which compete for precious resources and often decrease fruit yields and revenues. Producers currently rely on weed management strategies such as flooding and sanding cranberry beds, hand-weeding, or applications of pre- and postemergence herbicides. Recent interest in reducing chemical inputs into cranberry growing systems has led researchers to evaluate alternative methods such as flame cultivation as a potential nonchemical weed control option.

University of Massachusetts scientists Katherine Ghantous, Hilary Sandler, Wesley Autio, and Peter Jeranyama designed a study using flame cultivation techniques for in cranberry crops. The results, published in the July 2013 issue of HortScience, showed promise for integrating the weed control technique into "certain situations", including . The team tested three types of handheld propane torches (one open flame and two styles of infrared torches) and varying exposure times on several species of perennial . "We thought that flame cultivation would cause damage to cranberry plants and that damage would increase with increasing exposure duration and vary by flame cultivator tool used," noted Hillary Sandler, the study's corresponding author. Surprisingly, although the results showed minor response differences between the cranberry varieties tested, all varieties showed recovery from flame cultivation (FC) damage, irrespective of which tool was used or the duration of exposure.

"Our economic analysis showed that the time and cost of using an open flame torch for spot control of weeds was similar to that of the common practice of using a wick applicator to apply glyphosate to weeds," the researchers noted. "In addition to being as cost-effective as glyphosate wipes, the non-fatal response to flame control indicates that it will cause less damage to cranberry plants that are incidentally exposed during spot treatment of weeds than glyphosate."

The experiments determined that flame cultivation could be integrated as a sustainable and economical approach for weed control in some situations. "This technology could be applicable for conventional production as well as organic production, and would ideally be used as a spot treatment for weeds growing in the cranberry canopy as well as on larger non-production areas where vines are not as abundant, such as bed edges, ditches, and dikes," the researchers concluded.

Explore further: The right amount of grazing builds diverse forest ecosystems

More information: hortsci.ashspublications.org/c… nt/48/7/870.abstract

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Scientists fight 'super weeds' with sustainability

Oct 23, 2012

(Phys.org)—Across the United States, fields of genetically engineered crops have become laboratories for the evolution of glyphosate-resistant (GR) weeds. These fast-growing "super weeds"—resistant to ...

Old herbicides enlisted in new 'war on the weeds'

May 23, 2012

The emergence of weeds resistant to the most widely used herbicide is fostering a new arms race in the war against these menaces, which cost society billions of dollars annually in control measures and lost agricultural production. ...

How cranberries impact infection-causing bacteria

Jul 15, 2013

Consuming cranberry products has been anecdotally associated with prevention of urinary tract infections (UTIs) for over 100 years. But is this popular belief a myth, or scientific fact?

Recommended for you

Seeds keep vital much longer when stored without oxygen

18 hours ago

If seed breeding companies, gene banks and the Svalbard Global Seed Vault on Spitsbergen should store plant seeds under oxygen-poor conditions, it would be possible to store them for much longer while still ...

Native species may be hindering fox control efforts

19 hours ago

Native species interfering with ground distributed baits used to control red foxes in south west Western Australia may mean the baits are not available to the target species, a Murdoch University study has ...

Giant anteaters kill two hunters in Brazil

Jul 26, 2014

Giant anteaters in Brazil have killed two hunters in separate incidents, raising concerns about the animals' loss of habitat and the growing risk of dangerous encounters with people, researchers said.

User comments : 2

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

deatopmg
1 / 5 (8) Sep 16, 2013
A wick wand wetted with ~5% glyphosate isopropylammonium salt (Roundup or equivalent) works much better because it kills the whole plant not just to tops. So, one doesn't have to return again and again as the weeds regrow. I've been using such a set-up since the early '80's.
krystaldee
not rated yet Sep 22, 2013
We know that Roundup works but my colleague was searching for organic weed control.
You can use a flame cultivator right up until harvest.
It is wonderful to have many options in the cranberry management toolbox.