One Europe or many?

Jul 24, 2013

As attention on the economic differences between European countries continue following the Great Recession, the European Social Survey reveals significant differences in moral and social attitudes too.

Newly published findings from the European Social Survey (ESS), which has collected data from more than 30 European countries over the last ten years, have revealed significant differences in on moral and social issues such as trust in the police and homosexuality.

Based at City University London, the ESS has become one of the largest and most reliable sources of data about Europe's evolving social, political and moral fabric. They have found differences in political and are especially noticeable between eastern and western Europe but with increasing differences in some areas between North and South.

Key findings include:

  • Attitudes to have become more permissive across many European countries. However, in much of Eastern Europe there is very little agreement that gay people should be free to live their lives as they wish.
  • On average women in Europe, even if they work full-time, are still responsible for around two-thirds of the total time heterosexual couples spend on . The division of household labour between the sexes is most unequal in southern Europe.
  • Workers in Nordic countries appear to have been significantly less severely affected by the economic crisis than workers in other areas of Europe.
  • Following the economic crisis political legitimacy has fallen most notably in Eurozone countries, where the ability of governments to respond unilaterally is most constrained.
  • Nordic countries are also most trusting of their police and courts and believe that their institutions are legitimate holders of power and authority; while eastern, and sometimes southern, European countries are notably less trusting
  • Immigrants, across Europe, play an active role in civil society either through activities such membership of a trade union or political party, volunteering for an action group. They are increasingly likely to do so the longer they have lived in a country.

Director of the ESS, Rory Fitzgerald, said: "While most recent comparisons of European countries have focused on economic issues, the ESS sheds light on the moral and social dimension which is equally important. In European democracies it is critical that the attitudes and values of the population are clearly articulated, both to policy makers and in society more generally. This findings booklet makes an important contribution to debate on some of the key social issues facing Europe".

Established in 2003, the Centre for Comparative Social Surveys, which is based at City University London, is host to the European Social Survey (ESS), a multi-nation initiative designed to monitor and explain trends in attitudes, beliefs and values across countries in Europe (and its close neighbours).

Six ESS surveys have now been conducted, carried out every two years and covering more than 30 countries throughout Europe. Further rounds are planned to paint an accurate picture of European attitudes.

Explore further: Consumer loyalty driven by aesthetics over functionality

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

A woman's work is never done?

Jul 23, 2013

One of the greatest social changes across Europe in recent decades has been the increase of women in the labour market. However, changes in women's work patterns have not always been matched by changes in the division of ...

Recommended for you

Why are UK teenagers skipping school?

2 hours ago

Analysis of the results of a large-scale survey reveals the extent of truancy in English secondary schools and sheds light on the mental health of the country's teens.

Fewer lectures, more group work

2 hours ago

Professor Cees van der Vleuten from Maastricht University is a Visiting Professor at Wits University who believes that learning should be student centred.

How to teach all students to think critically

3 hours ago

All first year students at the University of Technology Sydney could soon be required to take a compulsory maths course in an attempt to give them some numerical thinking skills. ...

Consumer loyalty driven by aesthetics over functionality

19 hours ago

When designing a new car, manufacturers might try to attract consumers with more horsepower, increased fuel efficiency or a lower price point. But new research from San Francisco State University shows consumers' loyalty ...

User comments : 0

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.