Climate change threatens forest survival on drier, low-elevation sites

Jun 28, 2013
Climate change threatens forest survival on drier, low-elevation sites

Predicted increases in temperature and drought in the coming century may make it more difficult for conifers such as ponderosa pine to regenerate after major forest fires on dry, low-elevation sites, in some cases leading to conversion of forests to grass or shrub lands, a report suggests.

Researchers from Oregon State University concluded that is a key limitation for conifer regeneration following stand-replacing wildfire, which will likely increase with . This will make post-fire recovery on dry sites slow and uncertain. If forests are desired in these locations, more aggressive attempts at may be needed, they said.

The study, published in Forest Ecology and Management, was done in a portion of the Metolius River watershed in the eastern Cascade Range of Oregon, which prior to a 2002 fire was mostly ponderosa pine with some Douglas-fir and other tree species. The research area was not salvage-logged or replanted following the severe, stand-replacing fire.

"A decade after this fire, there was almost no tree regeneration at lower, drier sites," said Erich Dodson, a researcher with the OSU Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society. "There was some regeneration at higher sites with more moisture. But at the low elevations, it will be a long time before a forest comes back, if it ever does."

Similar situations may be found in many areas of the American West in coming decades, the researchers say, and recruitment of new forests may be delayed or prevented – even in climate conditions that might have been able to maintain an existing forest. While mature trees can use their roots to tap water deeper in the soil, competition with dense understory vegetation can make it difficult for seedlings to survive.

Openings in created by wildfire have persisted for more than a century on harsh, south-facing slopes in Colorado, the researchers noted in their report. And fire severity is already increasing in many forests due to climate change – what is now thought of as a drought in some locations may be considered average by the end of the next century.

If trees do fail to regenerate, it could further reduce ecosystem carbon storage and amplify the greenhouse effect, the study said.

Restoration treatment including thinning and prescribed burning may help reduce fire severity and increase tree survival after wildfire, as well as provide a seed source for future trees, Dodson said. These dry sites with less resilience to stand-replacing fire should be priorities for treatment, if maintaining a is a management objective, the study concluded.

Higher-elevation, mixed conifer forests in less moisture-limited sites may be able to recover from stand-replacing wildfire without treatment, the researchers said.

Explore further: US exports help Germany increase coal, pollution

Related Stories

Slow but sure -- Burned forest lands regenerate naturally

Apr 04, 2007

A new study of forest lands that burned in the 1990s in northern California and southwestern Oregon has concluded there is a "fair to excellent" chance that an adequate level of conifers will regenerate naturally, in sites ...

Recommended for you

Phytoplankton use turbulence to survive

1 hour ago

A unique water profiling instrument developed by The University of Western Australia's Centre for Water Research (CWR) is enabling scientists to understand the impact of even the most subtle turbulence on ...

Pacific summit to urge action on climate change

5 hours ago

Pacific island leaders will renew calls for meaningful action on climate change at a regional summit opening in Palau on Tuesday, amid fears rising seas will swamp their low-lying nations.

User comments : 2

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

deatopmg
1.3 / 5 (13) Jun 28, 2013
What threatens the forest survival even more is elimination of inexpensive energy sources, i.e. hydrocarbons, forcing up energy costs and the poor to revert to wood for heat and cooking fuel.
deepsand
3.6 / 5 (14) Jun 29, 2013
What threatens the forest survival even more is elimination of inexpensive energy sources, i.e. hydrocarbons, forcing up energy costs and the poor to revert to wood for heat and cooking fuel.

DId you make this balderdash up on your own? Or, did you just parrot some other idiot.