Researchers succeed in making generations of mouse clones

March 7, 2013
Mouse clones from the 24th and 25th generations. Credit: RIKEN

Using the technique that created Dolly the sheep, researchers from the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology in Kobe, Japan have identified a way to produce healthy mouse clones that live a normal lifespan and can be sequentially cloned indefinitely.

Their study is published today in the journal Cell Stem Cell.

In an experiment that started in 2005, the team led by Dr. Teruhiko Wakayama has used a technique called (SNCT) to produce 581 clones of one original 'donor' mouse, through 25 consecutive rounds of cloning.

SNCT is a widely used cloning technique whereby a containing the genetic information of the individual to be cloned is inserted into a living egg that has had its own nucleus removed. It has been used successfully in laboratory animals as well as farm animals.

However, until now, scientists hadn't been able to overcome the limitations of SNCT that resulted in low success rates and restricted the number of times mammals could be recloned. Attempts at recloning cats, pigs and mice more than two to six times had failed.

"One possible explanation for this limit on the number of recloning attempts is an accumulation of genetic or epigenetic abnormalities over successive generations" explains Dr. Wakayama.

To prevent possible , or modifications to DNA function that do not involve a change in the DNA itself, Wakayama and his team added trichostatin, a , to the cell culture medium. Using this technique, they increased cloning efficiency by up to 6-fold.

By improving each step of the SCNT procedure, they were able to clone the mice repeatedly 25 times without seeing a reduction in the success rate. The 581 healthy mice obtained in this way were all fertile, they gave birth to healthy pups and lived a normal lifespan of about two years, similar to normally conceived mice.

"Our results show that there were no accumulations of epigenetic or in the mice, even after repeated cloning," conclude the authors.

Dr. Wakayama adds, "This technique could be very useful for the large-scale production of superior-quality animals, for farming or conservation purposes."

Dr. Wakayama's work made the news in 2008 when his team created clones from the bodies of mice that had been frozen for 16 years, using SNCT.

Explore further: Mouse stem cell line advance suggests potential for IVF-incompetent eggs

More information: Sayaka Wakayama, Takashi Kohda, Haruko Obokata, Mikiko Tokoro, Chong Li, Yukari Terashita, Eiji Mizutani, Van Thuan Nguyen, Satoshi Kishigami, Fumitoshi Ishino and Teruhiko Wakayama "Successful serial cloning in the mouse over multiple generations." Cell Stem Cell, 2013, doi: org/10.1016/j.stem.2013.01.005

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6 comments

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betterexists
1.7 / 5 (6) Mar 07, 2013
I AM GLAD We can have a BUNCH OF EINSTEINS GANDHIS
aaron1960
2.3 / 5 (3) Mar 07, 2013
what amount an army of Einsteins and Gandhis? let the clone wars begin.
VendicarE
5 / 5 (1) Mar 07, 2013
They had better not be one button mice or else Apple will sue them for patent infringement.
Sinister1811
1.5 / 5 (8) Mar 07, 2013
Hopefully, now they can use this method to clone species like the Pyrenean Ibex and the Wooly Mammoth without any genetic abnormalities.
Lurker2358
1 / 5 (2) Mar 08, 2013
Cloning our own organs for transplantation, WITH replacing potentially defective genes by the "best" version of the gene from healthy gene donors, would mean we could replace a bad heart, or a bad liver, or a bad kidney with a kidney which was entirely genetically our own, with the exception of a single modified gene (in some cases) to prevent the new organ from failing.

Such organ cloning might allow permanent CURE for diabetes or heart patients with a family history of heart attack.

Imagine if they could replace your heart with a genetic cloned heart, but it has the "death gene" removed. Viola, no heart problems...ever...

Of course, only the wealthy would actually get such treatments in reality. Average people rarely get diagnosed until it's too late to matter anyway.
Lurker2358
1 / 5 (2) Mar 08, 2013
Wow. After considering this article, there are strange possibilities for the future, and weird ethical and moral problems.

A woman could give birth to a clone of her father, mother, sister, brother, or grand-parents...or maybe even the "ice man".

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