Accretion around a young star

Jul 24, 2012
Accretion around a young star
An artist's composite image of the Chandra X-ray Observatory. Astronomers have used Chandra with other telescopes to study shocked and coronal heating in the atmosphere of a young star. Credit: NASA and CXC

(Phys.org) -- The star TW Hydrae is located about 150 light-years from Earth in the direction of the constellation of Hydrae, the Water Snake. This star is relatively young, about 10 million years old, and has passed out of its infancy but is not yet mature. Astronomers are trying to understand the processes at work in stars at this stage in their lives because, for example, during this period planets might be developing from disks around the stars. The nature of the star's corona, the very hot (over a million degrees centigrade) extended gaseous outer atmosphere, is one such process. TW Hydrae provides a valuable example for two reasons: It is relatively close by and therefore bright, and it is rotating with its pole pointed nearly directly towards Earth, enabling scientists to view the star's polar region nearly face on.

Like other of its size and age, TW Hydrae emits strong X-rays and lines of ionized hydrogen. These are thought to result from shocks generated as material flows onto the stellar surface, and from magnetically heated gas in the corona. SAO astronomers Andrea Dupree, Nancy Brickhouse, Steve Cranmer, Juan Luna, and Evan Schneider, along with colleagues, observed TW Hya with the Chandra X-ray Observatory, with complementary and simultaneous measurements from a suite of other telescopes. They continuously monitored the star over about seventeen days, during which time they observed both periodic and flaring events on the star.

The scientists, in a astronomical first, were able to track an accretion flare spectroscopically, providing direct information on how the excitation of the gas evolves during these events. The team successfully modeled the emission as arising in a sequence: A shock develops from accreting material and then flows down into a turbulent region, heating the star's photosphere. This ultimately leads to coronal heating and the development of .

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jsdarkdestruction
1 / 5 (1) Jul 24, 2012
Very interesting.*waits for kevinrtrs to piss in the punch bowl*
Torbjorn_Larsson_OM
not rated yet Jul 24, 2012
Wow, every time we can observe dynamics with some time resolution, processes are astounding.

@ isdarkdestruction:

Rules of Internet Trolls:

1st rule: You do not talk about Resident Evil.
2nd rule: You DO NOT talk about Resident Evil.
3d rule: You do not talk to Resident Evil.
4th rule: You DO NOT talk to Resident Evil.

=D
Birger
not rated yet Jul 25, 2012
10 million years old? But...wasn't the universe created 4004 BC? Go away, heretics! :-)

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