Hawaii lab turns laser-powered bubbles into microrobots

May 23, 2012 by Nancy Owano weblog
Hawaii lab turns laser-powered bubbles into microrobots

(Phys.org) -- A team of scientists from the University of Hawaii are working on microrobots created from bubbles of air in a saline solution. The bubbles take on their title of “robots” as a laser is deployed to work as an engine to power the bubbles’ directions and speed. The microrobots follow the positions of the projected light; multiple microrobots can be controlled at once. Among the demonstrations is an example of how bubble microrobots can pass around glass microbeads. Using a fine-tipped syringe filled with air and saline solution, the scientists went to work on making these robots out of bubbles.

Their setup included a 400 mW infrared laser to propel the . Light patterns were in control of the microrobots’ movements. The laser, shone through the bubble, heats the far side; the bubble solution tries to shift away from the heated side toward the cooler side. This fluid flow pushes the bubble towards the hot area. An array of infrared lasers can steer the bots for a finely tuned manipulation at small levels.

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Moving the laser to different sides of the bubble affords complete 360 degree steering. The velocity of the bubble is proportional to the intensity of the , and the process can go slow or fast.

The team responsible for this work, from the University of Hawaii at Manoa, presented their study last week at the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation in St. Paul, Minnesota. Wenqi Hu, Kelly S. Ishii, and Aaron T. Ohta from the university’s Department of Electrical Engineering, presented "Cooperative Micromanipulation Using Optically Controlled Bubble ."

Next steps for the researchers will be to explore how the bubbles can be used in teams to transport and assemble microbubbles into complex shapes.They aim for a system that can provide autonomous control realtime, based on visual feedback.

IEEE Spectrum, commenting on their work, says a result of their explorations may be having swarms of microscopic bubble robots conjured out of nothing and set to work building microstructures with an array of thermal lasers, and "then when they're finished, give each one a little pop to wipe it completely out of existence without any mess or fuss.”

Explore further: Controlling core switching in Pac-man disks

More information: www-ee.eng.hawaii.edu/~aohta/research.html

via IEEE

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Mike_Massen
1 / 5 (1) May 23, 2012
If most of the various cells can continue to function whilst being moved and thereafter then we might see computer driven lasers able to construct sizable tissue chunks in sterile conditions suitable for implanting - joining dots of a number of disciplines could see so many conditions addressed much sooner than most researchers of 10 years ago expected !

Brilliant, looking forward to progress to alleviate medical suffering :-)
PhotonX
not rated yet May 24, 2012
If most of the various cells can continue to function whilst being moved and thereafter then we might see computer driven lasers able to construct sizable tissue chunks in sterile conditions suitable for implanting - joining dots of a number of disciplines could see so many conditions addressed much sooner than most researchers of 10 years ago expected !

Brilliant, looking forward to progress to alleviate medical suffering :-)
Microfluidic dynamics has already delivered this, using what is basically ink-jet technology to 'print out' half of a small mammal heart, which began spontaneously beating at the midway point. While I haven't looked, I haven't heard any more about that in some time, so I don't know if development continued.
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My first thought on this article was to wonder if I can blow a balloon around my living room with a table fan, do I have a robot? Doesn't seem so to me.

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