Turning up the heat on biofuels
(Phys.org) —The production of biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass would benefit on several levels if carried out at temperatures between 65 and 70 degrees Celsius. Researchers with the Energy Biosciences ...
Asian lady beetles use biological weapons against their European relatives
Once introduced for biological pest control, Asian lady beetle Harmonia axyridis populations have been increasing uncontrollably in the US and Europe since the turn of the millennium. The species has been p ...
Crickets' calling song hits the high notes
(Phys.org) —Research has detailed how acoustic communication has evolved within a unique species of cricket which exploits extremely high frequency harmonics to interact.
For social spiders, preying together aids younger siblings
(Phys.org) —The behavior of social spiders may settle debates over the benefits of older siblings. Cornell researchers studying Australian social huntsman spiders have discovered that younger siblings thrive ...
New study finds no evidence for theory humans wiped out megafauna
Most species of gigantic animals that once roamed Australia had disappeared by the time people arrived, a major review of the available evidence has concluded.
Study shows dogs may have been domesticated far earlier than thought
The developmental genetics of space and time: Developmental genes often take inputs from two independent sources
(Phys.org) —Albert Erives, associate professor in the University of Iowa Department of Biology, and his graduate student, Justin Crocker, currently a postdoctoral researcher at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) ...
Frogs in California harbor deadly amphibian pathogen, researchers find
In a new study, Stanford University School of Medicine researchers provide the first evidence that African clawed frogs in California harbor a deadly fungal infection that is decimating amphibian populations ...
Scientists develop 'green' pretreatment of Miscanthus for biofuels
Two University of Illinois scientists have developed an environmentally friendly and more economical way of pretreating Miscanthus in the biofuel production process.
Untangling the tree of life
These days, phylogeneticists – experts who painstakingly map the complex branches of the tree of life – suffer from an embarrassment of riches. The genomics revolution has given them mountains of DNA ...
'Fish thermometer' reveals long-standing, global impact of climate change
Climate change has been impacting global fisheries for the past four decades by driving species towards cooler, deeper waters, according to University of British Columbia scientists.
Scientists announce development of wheat strain that produces 30% greater yields
Strange alien slime discovered living beneath the Nullarbor Plain
(Phys.org) —Deep in water-filled underground caves beneath Australia's Nullarbor Plain, cave divers have discovered unusual 'curtains' of biological material – known as Nullarbor cave slimes.
From ocean to land: The fishy origins of our hips
New research has revealed that the evolution of the complex, weight-bearing hips of walking animals from the basic hips of fish was a much simpler process than previously thought.