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Researchers suppress non-Hermitian effects via 'fake' magnetic fields

Suppressing non-Hermitian effects via "fake" magnetic fields
By implementing pseudomagnetic field (PMF) in the array with non-Hermitian skin effect (NHSE), the team from Singapore and Hong Kong discovered that the skin states can be suppressed into the bulk. The skin topological area is also suppressed, followed by recovery of flat energy levels (Landau levels). Credit: Science China Press

Due to the presence of non-Hermitian components, wave intensities tend to localize at the system boundary, namely the non-Hermitian skin effect. The skin behavior is protected by topology, making it insensitive to minor changes. Nevertheless, it has recently been shown that the non-Hermitian skin effect can be suppressed by real magnetic fields.

Zhang, Xue, and Zhang's graduate student Hau Tian Teo wondered, "Can a 'fake' —pseudomagnetic field—also suppress the non-Hermitian skin effect?" The team then performed on a two-dimensional lattice array to study the topology and movement of the skin behavior.

By switching on the pseudomagnetic field, the team discovered that the skin states can be pushed into the bulk. "This movement from skin to bulk can be precisely traced by a theoretically predicted trajectory," Teo suggests. In addition to the movement, the suppression is reflected in the reduction of topological number.

Although this is a non-Hermitian setting, the team also found that the pseudomagnetic field can also recover the flat energy levels as if it is a Hermitian system. "Together with the precise location of the state, we can even trace its flat and quantized . This could contribute to the precise localization of states in space and energy," Xue says.

"These exciting new results provide a time-reversal invariant way to control non-Hermitian systems. As our 'fake' magnetic field is unchanged if we reverse the arrow of time, this protocol could be promising in controlling classical wave devices that are able to host the non-Hermitian skin effect but inert to magnetic fields," Zhang suggests.

The work entitled "Pseudomagnetic suppression of non-Hermitian effect" was published in Science Bulletin.

The study was led by Prof. Baile Zhang (School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University) and Prof. Haoran Xue (Department of Physics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong).

More information: Hau Tian Teo et al, Pseudomagnetic suppression of non-Hermitian skin effect, Science Bulletin (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.scib.2024.04.023

Citation: Researchers suppress non-Hermitian effects via 'fake' magnetic fields (2024, May 17) retrieved 17 June 2024 from
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