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Ghost roads speed destruction of Asia-Pacific tropical forests, finds study

Ghost roads speed nature's destruction
Road density in the tropical Asia-Pacific region is much higher than indicated by available global datasets. a, The study region, comprising part or all of Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea (the yellow triangle shows the location of inset panels c–e). b, Cumulative plots comparing the total length of roads and proportion of land potentially affected by roads in this study versus data from OSM and GRIP. c–e, Mapped roads in a landscape in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo, as shown by GRIP (c; blue lines, imagery circa 2018), OSM (d; red lines, circa 2020) and this study (e; black lines, circa 2019), respectively. Credit: Nature (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s41586-024-07303-5

Researchers mapping tropical forests have found many more roads than declared by official sources, which is raising fears of a huge increase in environmental degradation as the pace of road building increases.

James Cook University's Distinguished Professor Bill Laurance recently co-authored a study published in Nature in which more than 200 trained volunteers closely examined satellite pictures of 1.42 million square kilometers of the Borneo, Sumatra and New Guinea islands.

Professor Laurance said roads served important functions, but without effective planning and they could unleash a Pandora's box of environmental ills and societal challenges.

"Informally or illicitly constructed 'ghost roads' can be bulldozed tracks in logged forests, roads in palm-oil plantations and other roads missing from existing road datasets for various reasons," said Professor Laurance.

"They're being constructed by a range of people, including legal or illegal agriculturalists, miners, loggers, land grabbers, land speculators and drug traffickers."

He said researchers discovered 3 to 6.6 times more roads in the areas studied than were shown in leading global-road datasets.

"This aligns with findings from earlier studies in other developing nations such as Cameroon and the Solomon Islands and from the Brazilian Amazon.

"By sharply increasing access to formerly remote natural areas, unregulated road development is triggering dramatic increases in environmental disruption due to activities such as logging, mining and land-clearing."

Jayden Engert, a doctoral student at JCU and lead author of the study, said across the study area, road building almost always preceded local forest loss.

"Road density was by far the strongest correlate of deforestation out of 38 potential biophysical and socioeconomic variables," Engert said.

According to Professor Laurance, increasing roads were probably the most important direct threat to globally.

"There are some 25 million kilometers of new paved roads expected by mid-century and 90 % of all is happening in developing nations, including many tropical and with exceptional biodiversity," said Professor Laurance.

"Worryingly, our new findings show that the extent and length of roads in the tropical Asia-Pacific is severely underestimated, with many roads being out of government control.

"In these findings, nature is the big loser."

More information: Jayden E. Engert et al, Ghost roads and the destruction of Asia-Pacific tropical forests, Nature (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s41586-024-07303-5

Journal information: Nature

Citation: Ghost roads speed destruction of Asia-Pacific tropical forests, finds study (2024, April 11) retrieved 28 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-04-ghost-roads-destruction-asia-pacific.html
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