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Combating disruptive 'noise' in quantum communication

Combating disruptive 'noise' in quantum communication
Schematic overview of the experiment. Credit: Nature Communications (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-024-47354-w

In a significant milestone for quantum communication technology, an experiment has demonstrated how networks can be leveraged to combat disruptive 'noise' in quantum communications.

The led by researchers from Griffith University's Center for Quantum Dynamics highlights the potential of quantum networks in revolutionizing communication technologies on a . The study, "Nonlocality activation in a photonic quantum ," has been published in Nature Communications.

Researchers Dr. Nora Tischler and Dr. Sergei Slussarenko, program managers at the ARC Center of Excellence for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology (CQC2T) node at Griffith University, believe their findings are a first step towards large-scale quantum networks, which may fundamentally change how we communicate on a global scale.

The study delves into the intricate world of quantum entanglement—a phenomenon where particles maintain a connection regardless of the distance between them. Quantum entanglement, which has long been recognized as a cornerstone of quantum technology, has intrigued scientists due to its potential applications in hyper-sensitive sensors and ultra-private communication channels.

CQC2T Ph.D. Researcher Luis Villegas-Aguilar, alongside the team at Griffith University, embarked on a journey to explore the relationship between and nonlocality—mysterious correlations that Einstein famously referred to as "spooky action at a distance."

The degradation of these quantum effects due to noise has posed a major challenge in realizing their practical applications. The experiment conducted by the research team addressed this challenge head-on.

"In essence, our experiment demonstrates how networks can be utilized to overcome noise in ," explains Villegas-Aguilar. "By simulating within a , we aimed to enhance noise tolerance and 'activate' quantum nonlocality within a network structure."

To realize this goal, they joined forces with researchers from the University of New South Wales, Sorbonne University, France, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology in the US. The team set up a three-station quantum network in their laboratories, mimicking configurations one might find in a future quantum internet.

"In our experiment, we sent the entangled particles to different stations inside the lab. We used entangled single photons, which are quantum particles of light," Dr. Tischler said.

"The three-station quantum network, simulating noisy conditions that one might encounter in a larger, field-deployed network. First, we started with only two entangled photons and proved they could not produce quantum nonlocality past a specific noise limit."

Then, through meticulous design and implementation, the researchers observed a remarkable phenomenon: the previously lost quantum nonlocality could be recovered by adding an extra connectivity link.

"We observed that adding the third station to the network configuration allowed us to overcome the effects of noise and activate quantum nonlocality," says Dr. Emanuele Polino, a postdoctoral researcher involved with the experiment.

The team is confident that their results not only advance our understanding of quantum phenomena, but also pave the way for the development of resilient and robust quantum technologies.

As the world continues to progress towards an era of quantum computing and communication, this research represents a significant milestone in harnessing the full potential of quantum mechanics.

More information: Luis Villegas-Aguilar et al, Nonlocality activation in a photonic quantum network, Nature Communications (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-024-47354-w

Journal information: Nature Communications

Citation: Combating disruptive 'noise' in quantum communication (2024, April 15) retrieved 27 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-04-combating-disruptive-noise-quantum-communication.html
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