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Step aside, internal tides: Supercomputer modeling improves satellite altimetry precision

Step aside, internal tides: Supercomputer modeling improves satellite altimetry precision
Internal waves are generated when tides beneath the surface pass over seamounts, continental slopes, ridges, or other rough seafloor surfaces. Here they can be seen in Indonesia’s Lombok Strait as a result of the water’s reflection of sunlight. Credit: Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA GSFC

Waves don't take place just on the ocean's surface. Underneath the crests and troughs that we can see from above are internal tides, which form when tidal flows collide with seamounts, continental slopes, and ridges on the seafloor.

Internal tides play a significant role in ocean movements such as wave patterns and the mixing of different ocean layers, which in turn affect heat and carbon transfer and storage. Though internal tides are generally strongest below the surface, their effects on are large enough to be detected by satellite altimeters. When scientists want to accurately measure slower moving ocean features, such as and currents, they isolate them by analyzing the satellite altimeter data and removing the signatures of internal tides.

Badarvada Yadidya and colleagues used new supercomputer modeling to forecast the global movement of internal tides. Their models were able to accurately remove the internal signal from sea surface height measurements without requiring empirical analysis. These new modeling techniques also provided hourly readings in 30- to 120-day analysis windows, offering insights into ocean movement that are missed by satellite measurements taken every 9–35 days.

The study is published in Geophysical Research Letters.

These models provide many possibilities for future study of tidal activity, as well as information about all the layers of the ocean, not only the surface. The model's development could also provide a shift from data-driven predictions about internal tides to more dynamic modeling techniques.

More information: Badarvada Yadidya et al, Phase‐Accurate Internal Tides in a Global Ocean Forecast Model: Potential Applications for Nadir and Wide‐Swath Altimetry, Geophysical Research Letters (2024). DOI: 10.1029/2023GL107232

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Citation: Step aside, internal tides: Supercomputer modeling improves satellite altimetry precision (2024, February 26) retrieved 17 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-02-internal-tides-supercomputer-satellite-altimetry.html
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