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Image denoising using a diffractive material

Image denoising using a diffractive material
All-optical image denoising using diffractive visual processors. Credit: Ozcan Lab UCLA

While image denoising algorithms have undergone extensive research and advancements in the past decades, classical denoising techniques often necessitate numerous iterations for their inference, making them less suitable for real-time applications.

The advent of deep neural networks (DNNs) has ushered in a , enabling the development of non-iterative, feed-forward digital image denoising approaches.

These DNN-based methods exhibit remarkable efficacy, achieving real-time performance while maintaining high denoising accuracy. However, these deep learning-based digital denoisers incur a trade-off, demanding high-cost, resource- and power-intensive graphics processing units (GPUs) for operation.

In an article published in Light: Science & Applications, a team of researchers, led by Professors Aydogan Ozcan and Mona Jarrahi from University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), U.S., and Professor Kaan Akşit from University College London (UCL), UK developed a physical image denoiser comprising spatially engineered diffractive layers to process noisy input images at the speed of light and synthesize denoised images at its output field-of-view without any digital computing.

Following a one-time training on a computer, the resulting visual processor with its passive diffractive layers is fabricated, forming a physical image denoiser that scatters out the optical modes associated with undesired noise or spatial artifacts of the input images.

Through its optimized design, this diffractive visual processor preserves the optical modes representing the desired spatial features of the input images with minimal distortions.

As a result, it instantly synthesizes denoised images within its output field-of-view without the need to digitize, store or transmit an image for a digital processor to act on it. The efficacy of this all-optical image denoising approach was validated by suppressing salt and pepper noise from both intensity- and phase-encoded input images.

Furthermore, this physical image denoising framework was experimentally demonstrated using and a 3D-fabricated diffractive denoiser.

This all-optical image denoising framework offers several important advantages, such as , ultra-high speed, and compact size.

The research team envisions that the success of these all-optical image denoisers can catalyze the development of all-optical visual processors tailored to address various inverse problems in imaging and sensing.

More information: Çağatay Işıl et al, All-optical image denoising using a diffractive visual processor, Light: Science & Applications (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s41377-024-01385-6

Citation: Image denoising using a diffractive material (2024, February 5) retrieved 23 February 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-02-image-denoising-diffractive-material.html
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