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Scientists develop antiviral color nanocoating technology

Antiviral color nanocoating technology
Comparison of antiviral effectiveness of commercial silver nanofilms versus self-developed surfaces. Credit: Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST)

Since the onset of COVID-19, we've become accustomed to seeing antiviral films attached to elevator buttons and public transportation handles. However, conventional antiviral films are made by mixing antiviral metal particles with polymers. Due to the manufacturing process, only a very small fraction of these metal particles is exposed on the surface. As a result, contrary to the belief that these films will protect us from viruses, the actual antiviral effect upon contact with the film surface is not significant.

The Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) has announced that a collaborative research team led by Dr. So-Hye Cho from the Materials Architecturing Research Center and Dr. Seung Eun Lee of the Research Animal Resources Center has developed a nanocoating technology that not only maximizes the antiviral activity of the surface, but also enables the realization of various colors. The work is published in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.

The research team has developed an effective antiviral and antibacterial surface by using the sol-gel method to form a silica layer on various surfaces, followed by coating the silica layer with (Ag) nanoparticles using an containing silver. In turn, silver nanoparticles limit the infectivity of viruses by binding to the proteins on the virus surface, disrupting the structure and function of the virus, and making it difficult for the virus to penetrate cells.

Antiviral color nanocoating technology
Comparison of antibacterial effectiveness of commercial silver nanofilms versus device developed surfaces. Credit: Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST)

In conventional antiviral films, antiviral functional metal particles are embedded within the thin film, making it difficult for silver to come in contact with viruses. However, the technology developed by the KIST research team showcased remarkable activity with a small amount of silver nanoparticles positioned on the thin film's surface.

Experiments involving lentiviruses, developed as analogs to coronaviruses, demonstrated a elimination rate more than twice as fast compared to commercial films. In addition, antibacterial tests against E. coli bacteria resulted in complete eradication of the bacteria within 24 hours.

The developed antiviral coating technology also has the additional advantage of providing various colors by controlling light interference through different coating layer thickness.

Antiviral color nanocoating technology
SEM/TEM analysis of the silica layer showing well-defined silver nanoparticles on the surface. Credit: Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST)

"This metal nanoparticle coating technology demonstrates superior antiviral and antibacterial effects compared to commercial products, even with a small coating of less than 1g/m2, so its industrialization potential is very high," said Dr. So-Hye Cho of KIST.

"It can be used in various industries such as medical materials, , and to help manage microorganisms and prevent infections by implementing antiviral and antibacterial effects."

More information: Darya Burak et al, In Situ Metal Deposition on Perhydropolysilazane-Derived Silica for Structural Color Surfaces with Antiviral Activity, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces (2023). DOI: 10.1021/acsami.3c12622

Citation: Scientists develop antiviral color nanocoating technology (2024, January 31) retrieved 27 February 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-01-scientists-antiviral-nanocoating-technology.html
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