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Chinese scientists reveal novel mechanism of angiosperm self-incompatibility

Chinese Scientists Reveal Novel Mechanism of Angiosperm Self-incompatibility
Phase separation of S-RNase promotes self-incompatibility in P. hybrida. Credit: IGDB

Self-incompatibility (SI) is a widespread intraspecific reproductive barrier in flowering plants, a system for rejecting self-pollen to prevent seed set after self-pollination. In Solanaceae, Plantaginaceae, Rosaceae, and Rutaceae, the SI system is controlled by a single polymorphic S-locus that encodes the linked pollen factor S-locus F-box box proteins (SLFs) and pistil factor S-RNase components.

Recent studies show that non-self S-RNase is degraded by the SCFSLF-mediated ubiquitin-proteasome system in Petunia, but how intact S-RNase functions in the self-pollen tube cytoplasm to elicit the self-incompatibility response remains unclear.

Researchers led by Prof. Xue Yongbiao from the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology (IGDB) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have found that S-RNases form membrane-less puncta structures, called S-RNase condensates (SRCs), by phase separation in the cytoplasm of self- but not non-self-pollen tubes in Petunia hybrida. Further transgenic experiments showed that SRCs are required for the self-incompatibility response.

The researchers then confirmed the inhibitory or promoting effects of the pollen compatibility factors, the pistil incompatibility modifying factors HT-B and SSK1, and the redox state of the pollen tube on SRC formation.

In addition, the researchers also identified SRC-interacting components by in vitro SRC reconstruction and LC-MS to study SRC functions and found that the SRCs formed in self-pollen tubes mainly assemble and enrich actin-binding proteins such as PhABRACL, a promoter of actin polymerization.

Finally, the researchers found that SRCs indirectly affect the integrity of the self-pollen tube cytoskeleton integrity by sequestering actin-binding proteins.

The work was published in the Journal of Integrative Plant Biology.

Taken together, S-RNase initiates SRC formation by , HT-B and Trxh promote its expansion, which in turn sequesters actin-binding proteins, and then drives a self-incompatible response by indirectly interfering with the cytoskeletal organization in P. hybrida, uncovering a new mechanistic mode of SI in angiosperms.

More information: Huayang Tian et al, Phase separation of S‐RNase promotes self‐incompatibility in Petunia hybrida., Journal of Integrative Plant Biology (2023). DOI: 10.1111/jipb.13584

Citation: Chinese scientists reveal novel mechanism of angiosperm self-incompatibility (2023, December 5) retrieved 25 June 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-12-chinese-scientists-reveal-mechanism-angiosperm.html
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