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Research explores molecular basis of ventilator-induced diaphragm weakness

The molecular basis of ventilator-induced diaphragm weakness
Schematic representation of mitochondrial dynamics imbalance involved in ventilator induced diaphragmatic dysfunction. Credit: Dridi et al

A study, published in PNAS Nexus, presents evidence that mitochondrial fragmentation is a proximal mechanism underlying ventilator-induced diaphragm dysfunction (VIDD)—and identifies a possible therapeutic to limit diaphragm atrophy during a stay in intensive care.

Previous research has established that many of the cellular pathways responsible for VIDD are kicked off by oxidative stress stemming from diaphragm inactivity.

Stefan Matecki and colleagues studied the molecular causes of this in mice. Just six hours on was enough to increase expression of dynamin-related protein 1 (DRP1), which is involved in mitochondrial membrane fission and associated with a reduction in mitochondrial size and interaction.

Mechanical ventilation, by completely resting the diaphragm, results in a sudden reduction in its . This reduction prompts the diaphragm to initiate a program of fission for breaking down its superfluous mitochondria, which previously supplied it with energy in the form of ATP. However, produces in excess, which negatively impact Ca2+ homeostasis, a dysregulation at the root of VIDD.

The authors show that if at the initiation of mechanical ventilation, mitochondrial fission was blocked thanks to a molecule like P110, which prevents DRP1 from interacting with the mitochondrial membrane, VIDD could be mitigated. The molecule P110, by limiting the mitochondrial fragmentation induced by mechanical ventilation, reduces the production of reactive oxygen species at the basis of calcium homeostasis impairment and VIDD.

According to the authors, any pharmacological therapeutics that could limit mitochondrial fission at the initiation of mechanical ventilation, could be a promising therapeutic intervention to prevent VIDD.

More information: Aberrant mitochondrial dynamics contributes to diaphragmatic weakness induced by mechanical ventilation, PNAS Nexus (2023). DOI: 10.1093/pnasnexus/pgad336. academic.oup.com/pnasnexus/art … 93/pnasnexus/pgad336

Journal information: PNAS Nexus

Provided by PNAS Nexus

Citation: Research explores molecular basis of ventilator-induced diaphragm weakness (2023, November 8) retrieved 29 February 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-11-explores-molecular-basis-ventilator-induced-diaphragm.html
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