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Combining a bulky chain with a stable polymer to enhance liquid crystal performance

Toward a fast-switching liquid crystal
Graphic abstract. Credit: The European Physical Journal E (2023). DOI: 10.1140/epje/s10189-023-00326-2

From laptop screens to navigation systems, liquid crystals are ubiquitous in modern life. These materials flow like liquids, but their molecules align with one another in a way that resembles the orientational order of a crystal. Electrically switching between different molecular orientations—or phases—in a liquid crystal changes how the material transmits light, hence their use/utility in visual displays.

In a study published in The European Physical Journal E, Ashok Kumar, of Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada, India, and his colleagues report on a new design that adds a bulky chemical side chain to a polymer liquid crystal. The approach combines components that, separately, avoid optical degradation and enhance thermal stability; and could lead to improved switching speeds.

In some liquid crystals, a phase exists where not only align with one another, but assemble into separate layers of self-aligning molecules. The molecules in these layers can together be tilted off-axis, resulting in different sub-phases with exotic electro-optical response.

If these molecules are also chiral, the liquid crystal exhibits ferroelectric characteristics, which could switch states much faster than traditional versions. But due to geometry, switching tends to cause these layers to shrink and buckle, degrading the optical properties. To avoid this buckling, researchers incorporate bulky chemical end-chains onto chiral molecular frames.

Kumar and his colleagues added one such chain to a chiral polymer liquid crystal dimer known for its thermal stability. In a series of experiments, the researchers examined the resulting molecules' behavior and compared them to other liquid crystals. They concluded that their design resulted in phases with improved , large tilt angles, and rapid response to electric fields.

The finding provides a path toward liquid crystals that could be switched at nanosecond speeds. It could help to overcome barriers to widespread use of ferroelectric liquid crystals in technology including flat-screen displays.

More information: A. V. N. Ashok Kumar et al, Collective modes, relaxations, de Vries behavior and field influence in SmA and SmC*deVr phases of chiral liquid crystal dimer C-10Bms with siloxy spacer, The European Physical Journal E (2023). DOI: 10.1140/epje/s10189-023-00326-2

Journal information: European Physical Journal E

Provided by Springer

Citation: Combining a bulky chain with a stable polymer to enhance liquid crystal performance (2023, October 9) retrieved 20 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-10-combining-bulky-chain-stable-polymer.html
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