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Study reveals generation mechanism of radiative effects on novel active optical hyperspectral LiDAR system

algorithms
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Both the geometric and spectral information of the target are available with the hyperspectral light detection and ranging (LiDAR) in a single measurement. This advanced technique extends the scope of imaging spectroscopy to spectral three-dimensional (3D) sensing.

However, two major geometric radiative effects exist in hyperspectral LiDAR, namely, the distance effect and incidence angle effect, which seriously restrict its quantitative applications.

A research team led by Prof. Niu Zheng from the Aerospace Information Research Institute (AIR), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) has proposed correction algorithms while studying the geometric radiative effects existing in hyperspectral LiDAR.

The researchers discovered that the analysis and correction of the distance effect and incidence angle effect can be carried out independently. They proposed a piecewise function model that couples a quadratic function and an exponential decay function to analyze and correct distance effect and developed an improved Poullain algorithm to analyze and correct the incidence angle effect.

The results were published in ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing and IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing.

They found that distance effect originates from the system itself, and all wavelengths have a unified distance effect function. Based on this, they proposed a piecewise function model that couples a quadratic function and an exponential decay function to analyze and correct distance effect.

For different types of vegetation leaf targets, they usually exhibit different incidence angle effects due to their different surface microscopic physical structures and internal biochemical parameters. This effect is closely related to the bidirectional reflection characteristics of the measured target species under hyperspectral LiDAR conditions.

Therefore, the team pointed out that the more accurate expression of incidence angle effect of hyperspectral LiDAR should be "the incidence angle effect of a certain target under hyperspectral LiDAR." They developed a new improved Poullain algorithm to correct the incidence angle effect of the target.

Compared with the traditional Lambert cosine law based on the assumption of isotropic scattering and the original Poullain algorithm, this algorithm considers the heterogeneity of the target roughness factor and diffuse reflection coefficient under different incidence angles and wavelengths, which is more in line with the reflection characteristics of natural target echoes.

The results of different vegetation leaf experiments showed that the standard deviations of the correction results were reduced by 30% to 60%, compared with the echo intensity and reflectivity under the standard 0-degree incidence .

The provides an important theoretical basis and technical support for accurate inversion of 3D biochemical parameters of vegetation in the future.

Currently, the research team has completed the design and development of the second-generation hyperspectral LiDAR system with high-speed acquisition capability, which is undergoing performance testing and is expected to be put into use by the end of 2023.

More information: Jie Bai et al, A Novel Algorithm for Leaf Incidence Angle Effect Correction of Hyperspectral LiDAR, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (2021). DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2021.3070652

Jie Bai et al, An exploration, analysis, and correction of the distance effect on terrestrial hyperspectral LiDAR data, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (2023). DOI: 10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2023.03.001

Citation: Study reveals generation mechanism of radiative effects on novel active optical hyperspectral LiDAR system (2023, May 21) retrieved 16 July 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-05-reveals-generation-mechanism-effects-optical.html
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