This article has been reviewed according to Science X's editorial process and policies. Editors have highlighted the following attributes while ensuring the content's credibility:

fact-checked

reputable news agency

proofread

Their time to slime: who will be 'Mollusc of the Year'?

Micromelo undatus, colloquially known as the Wavy Bubble Snail, eats bristly ringworms
Micromelo undatus, colloquially known as the Wavy Bubble Snail, eats bristly ringworms.

Will you choose beauty? The carnivorous Wavy Bubble Snail, perhaps, with its billowing skirts shimmering under UV light. Or will it be age? Like the venerable 500-year-old Methuselah oyster.

Or will you be seduced by the leopard slug with its gymnastic mating ritual?

The list of finalists for Mollusc of the Year has something for everyone.

In a ending Sunday, five species of soft-bodied invertebrates are vying to follow in the illustrious trail of previous winners, dubbed the "world's most beautiful snail" and "weirdest octopus".

The grand prize? The triumphant species will have its genome decoded to better understand its evolution and potential benefits to humanity.

The International Mollusc of the Year competition, which kicked off this month, is run by the LOEWE Center for Translational Biodiversity Genomics, based in Germany.

Organizers have whittled down the field from 85,000 mollusc species, thanks to nominations by researchers from around the world.

By definition, pageant entrants have a head, an intestine sac and a muscular "foot" for motion.

The is one of the most diverse in terms of shapes, sizes, habitats and behaviors, ranging from the colossal squid to garden slugs.

This nudibranch has poisonous 'horns'
This nudibranch has poisonous 'horns'

Molluscs have been around for more than 500 million years and are the second largest phylum of animals after insects.

But they are shrouded in mystery. "Of all invertebrates, molluscs are most valued by man, but surprisingly are an often neglected phylum in genomic research," laboratory manager at the LOEWE Center TBG Carola Greve told AFP.

The contestants may be boneless, but this year's competition is stiff.

To help voters navigate the ballot, here's a rundown of the nominees:

Punk slug

Hailing from the rocky intertidals of the US Pacific coast, the thick-horned nudibranch is surely the most "punk" of the finalists.

The stunning sea slug is the length of a matchstick, gleams like frosted glass, and has a signature shock of neon orange and white striped "horns".

Used for respiration, these outgrowths are also loaded with venomous stinging cells poached from prey it consumes.

Decoding its genome would yield insights on the —the species has a simple nervous system used to study conditioned behaviors, associative learning, and memory formation.

The Methuselah oyster can live up to 500 years
The Methuselah oyster can live up to 500 years.

Giant of the deep

Looking for the secrets to ?

The giant Methuselah oyster can grow up to 30 centimeters (12 inches) across and has a record-breaking five-century lifespan.

But the coy clam did not have a scientific name until 2009 due to its preference for living at difficult-to-reach depths of around one kilometer in the Atlantic and Mediterranean oceans.

Its larvae begin life as nomads before cementing themselves to protective surfaces that become hanging oyster reefs over time.

Decoding its genes would produce insights into its extraordinary longevity.

Psychedelic snail

If this election turned on appearances, the Wavy Bubble Snail would be a frontrunner.

The only thing more psychedelic than its name is its electric rainbow edged-body, yellow shell and white spots.

"They are like small candies in a vast ocean filled with invertebrate predators," the nominating researchers told AFP.

The nocturnal leopard slug is a land-dweller
The nocturnal leopard slug is a land-dweller.

In the shallow intertidal pools of the Atlantic Ocean it calls home, this tiny species is nearly impossible to detect.

But the captivating carnivore—it eats tiny bristly ringworms—has hidden talents: it glows green and red under UV light.

Its could unravel the that lead to snail-specific structures and their jump from oceans to terrestrial environments.

Plucky paramour

The nocturnal leopard slug is the sole land-dweller slinking into the top five.

Known as the "gardener's friend" because of its taste for debris and fungi, the mollusc has an appealing brown and black pattern, can grow up to 20 centimeters long, and is often kept as a pet.

"Do you know of any other animal that—after courting for a few hours—will climb a tree together and rappel down afterwards just for intercourse?" said the nominating team.

Despite its leisurely pace, this hermaphrodite slug has spread from Europe to most other parts of the world.

A vote for studying the leopard slug genome would shed light on its successful adaptation, especially under climate change.

The Chilean Abalone, also known as "loco" in its South American home waters, is a top predator and keystone species
The Chilean Abalone, also known as "loco" in its South American home waters, is a top predator and keystone species.

'Loco'

Last but not least is the Chilean abalone, also known as "loco" in its South American home waters.

A top predator and keystone species, this rugged sea snail with a shell length of up to 15 centimeters is also a worldwide delicacy.

If it wins, unlocking loco's genome could reveal immunotherapy treatments for certain cancers, and insights on how to protect marine invertebrates from overexploitation and pollution.

The victorious mollusc will join the 2021 winner the Greater Argonaut octopus—known as the paper nautilus because females produce a thin shell to shield their eggs—and 2022's spectacular Cuban painted snail.

© 2023 AFP

Citation: Their time to slime: who will be 'Mollusc of the Year'? (2023, March 17) retrieved 24 July 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-03-slime-mollusc-year.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

New research shows how octopuses may have evolved

107 shares

Feedback to editors