Owl-shaped plaques may have been on Copper Age children's wish list

Archaeology: Owl-shaped plaques may have been on Copper Age children's wish list
Replica of the Valencina Slate Plaque with inserted owl feathers on the two drilled holes at the top of the plaque. Credit: Juan J. Negro

Ancient owl-shaped slate engraved plaques, dating from about 5,000 years ago in the Iberian Peninsula, may have been created by children as toys, suggests a paper published in Scientific Reports. These findings may provide insights into how children used artifacts in ancient European societies.

About 4,000 engraved slate plaques resembling —with two engraved circles for eyes and a body outlined below and dating from the Copper Age between 5,500 and 4,750 years ago—have been found in tombs and pits across the Iberian Peninsula. It has been speculated that these owl plaques may have had ritualistic significance and represented deities or the dead.

Now, Juan Negro and colleagues re-examined this interpretation and suggest instead that these owl plaques may have been crafted by based on regional owl species, and may have been used as dolls, toys, or amulets. The authors assessed 100 plaques and rated them (on a scale of one to six) based on how many of six owl traits they displayed including two eyes, feathery tufts, patterned feathers, a flat facial disk, a beak, and wings. The authors compared these plaques to 100 modern images of owls drawn by aged four to 13 years old, and observed many similarities between the depictions of owls. Owl drawings more closely resembled owls as children aged and became more skillful.

  • Archaeology: Owl-shaped plaques may have been on Copper Age children's wish list
    Original slate plaque modelled after an owl in the Museo de Huelva. Credit: Juan J. Negro.
  • Archaeology: Owl-shaped plaques may have been on Copper Age children's wish list
    Two fledglings of the species known as Little Owl (Athene noctua). This common species may have been the model of some engraved slate plaques of the Copper Age. Credit: Juan J. Negro
  • Archaeology: Owl-shaped plaques may have been on Copper Age children's wish list
    Long-eared owl (Asio otus). This quintessential owl species may have inspired numerus engraved slate plaques. Credit: Juan J. Negro

The authors observe the presence of two small holes at the top of many plaques. These holes appear impractical to pass a cord through in order to hang the plaque, and lack the expected wear-marks if this was their use. Instead they speculate that could be inserted through the holes in order to resemble the tufts on the heads of some regional owl species, such as the long-eared owl (Asio otus).

  • Archaeology: Owl-shaped plaques may have been on Copper Age children's wish list
    Drawings of owls by children aged 6–9 years. Credit: Juan J. Negro.
  • Archaeology: Owl-shaped plaques may have been on Copper Age children's wish list
    A drawing of owls by children aged 6–9 years. Credit: Juan J. Negro.

The authors propose that, rather than being carved by skilled artisans for use in rituals, many of the owl plaques were created by children, and more closely resembled owls as the children's carving skills increased. They may represent a glimpse into childhood behaviors in Copper Age societies.

More information: Juan J. Negro, Owl-like plaques of the Copper Age and the involvement of children, Scientific Reports (2022). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-23530-0. www.nature.com/articles/s41598-022-23530-0

Journal information: Scientific Reports

Citation: Owl-shaped plaques may have been on Copper Age children's wish list (2022, December 1) retrieved 27 January 2023 from https://phys.org/news/2022-12-owl-shaped-plaques-copper-age-children.html
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