Atmospheric rivers help coastal wetlands build up sediment

marsh
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Extreme precipitation from hurricanes and atmospheric rivers can lead to increased flooding in the world's coastal zones, where more than 630 million people reside. Tidal marshes act as important buffers in these areas, absorbing the initial impact of storm surges and strong winds. In addition, tidal marsh ecosystems rely on storm events to deposit sediments that help with marsh accretion.

In a new study published in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Thorne et al. focused on tidal marsh accretion and elevation change in the San Francisco Bay after an atmospheric river event in 2016–2017. The authors installed deep rod surface elevation table instruments and feldspar marker horizon plots at five marsh sites differing in salinity and tidal range to determine vertical accretion and elevation changes.

They discovered that in response to the storms, different landscape characteristics at the sites played important roles in sediment deposition and flooding. For example, sites that were closest to rivers had the highest accretion and surface elevation gains. According to the authors, these data can provide important insights for offsetting sea level rise and thwarting habitat loss. Incorporating marsh accretion responses to into wetland evolution models could also help predict marshes' long-term response to sea level rise.

More information: Karen Thorne et al, Atmospheric River Storm Flooding Influences Tidal Marsh Elevation Building Processes, Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences (2022). DOI: 10.1029/2021JG006592

This story is republished courtesy of Eos, hosted by the American Geophysical Union. Read the original story here.

Citation: Atmospheric rivers help coastal wetlands build up sediment (2022, July 14) retrieved 29 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2022-07-atmospheric-rivers-coastal-wetlands-sediment.html
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