With COVID restrictions easing, should Black professionals have to return to hostile workplaces?
As COVID restrictions ease, many employers are encouraging staff to return to the office. While some may be looking forward to this, others are dreading going back to places where they previously experienced daily racism and microaggressions.
There is increasing pressure on Black professionals to return to workplaces where racist environments pose serious risks to their well-being and health.
In this article, we use the word Black to refer to political identities connected to ancestry, as well as a cultural and social experience of race. Here, we use it to communicate shared recognition of trauma and fear caused by racism among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and Black African peoples.
The shared use of the term also indicates Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' ongoing solidarity and connections with other Black peoples around the world.
Workplace racism and microaggressions
Examples of racial microaggressions include racialized comments on people's appearance, speech and identity, as well as unfair scrutiny of their professional expertise and performance.
The 2020 Gari Yala (Speak the Truth) survey of more than 1,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander employees found substantial experiences of racism in workplaces. Of those surveyed, 44% reported hearing racial slurs sometimes, often or always in their workplace, while 59% reported receiving comments about the way they look or "should" look as an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander person.
In a 2021 study, social work scholar Kathomi Gatwiri described Australian workplaces as "battlegrounds" for Black African professionals where both overt and covert racial microaggressions are commonplace.
Gatwiri defines racial microaggressions as "everyday" or "passive" racism. These serve to invalidate the expertise of Black people while positioning white expertise as "best practice."
The myth of 'merit'
The racism may not be overt at times, but it is still incredibly damaging and harmful. As race scholar Deb Bargallie demonstrates in her 2020 book on racism in the public service, employers can discriminate under the guise of "merit" and "performance." This places blame on employees experiencing racism rather than holding the organization accountable.
Bargallie tells the story of Charles Perkins who, even as a widely respected activist and a high-ranking public servant in Aboriginal Affairs, experienced systematic racism from white executives, managers and colleagues throughout his career. Describing his first six months at the Office of Aboriginal Affairs, Perkins said: "People set out deliberately to show me where I belonged (or should belong), and to make me feel completely an inferior person and nonentity."
Office culture can be as much a consideration as COVID-19 concerns for employees returning to work in person after years of working from home. That can be especially true for employees of color and the ways in which they experience racism at work. https://t.co/SEepK8XU5u— PBS NewsHour (@NewsHour) February 27, 2022
The U.S. experience
In the U.S., others have observed a similar reluctance to return to the office among racial minorities.
In a 2021 survey by Slack's Future Forum, 97% of Black participants in the US reported a preference for remote working conditions. In another Future Forum survey, 64% of Black respondents said they found it easier to manage stress when working from home.
Even before the pandemic, researchers argued close quarters and open plan office designs in many workplaces further exacerbate existing racial tensions and inequalities.
This is about health and safety
Australian employers have legal obligations to provide their employees with safe work conditions and environments.
Given racism is endemic in many workplaces, some employers will now be asking Black professionals to return to environments that pose serious risks to our mental and physical health.
In Australia, as with other predominantly white colonial nations, racism against Black peoples is a public health crisis. Race-related stress contributes to significant health and life-expectancy disparities between white and Black peoples.
This is on top of the already serious public health risk of COVID, which has most severely impacted Black and Indigenous communities around the world.
In Australia, state governments have been criticized for rolling back health restrictions without proper consultation with vulnerable communities, even as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people face an increased mortality risk.
If Black professionals can work from home, and feel safer when they do so, this is one measure employers can take to protect staff from the harms of racial discrimination—and an ongoing pandemic.
While working from home does not negate racism, it may offer respite from constant scrutiny and racialised commentary in the workplace, in addition to the more general work-life balance benefits, such as being able to both work and care for loved ones at home.
Workplaces now have a rare opportunity to create viable anti-racist change for Black employees.