Coming to a sky near you: Comet SWAN at its best

Comet SWAN at its best
Image of Comet C/2020 F8 (SWAN) obtained by UK astrophotographer Damian Peach on 2 May 2020. The long greenish tail emanates from the head of the comet at the top left of the image. Credit: D. Peach / Chilescope team

Comet C/2020 F8 (SWAN), perhaps the brightest comet we will see this year, is at its best from now until mid-June. It should be visible in from the UK in the northwestern sky after sunset, close to the horizon.

Along with the sun, planets, and asteroids, comets make up the solar System, the nearest part of the cosmos. Comets are objects made up of rock and ices—and can be anything from the size of mountains to as big as the Isle of Wight.

For most of their orbits, comets are far away from the sun, traveling through the cold of space, and they are dormant. When they come closer, things change: they heat up, the ices start to turn into gas, and jets of gas and dust stream out from the comet's surface.

Radiation pressure from sunlight and the then sweep the gas and dust into long tails that can stretch for tens of millions of kilometers. These tails can be extraordinarily beautiful, and feature in many of the best drawings and photographs in astronomy.

SWAN was discovered in late March in images from the solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) satellite. It's fairly bright, but fading, and the best chance of seeing it in the UK is in the last week of May through to early June. With the help of a pair of binoculars the comet should be visible in the north-western sky after sunset, fairly close to the horizon.

Lucky viewers may even be able to see it with the alone—some astronomers in the have done this already—but the bright twilight sky and the low altitude of SWAN won't make this easy.

Comet SWAN at its best
The path of Comet C/2020 F8 (SWAN) across the evening sky in the UK in May and June 2020. Credit: Stuart Atkinson/Licence type Attribution (CC BY 4.0)
A short video guide to seeing comet SWAN from the UK and mid-northern latitudes.

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The discovery of Comet SWAN by solar-watcher SOHO

Citation: Coming to a sky near you: Comet SWAN at its best (2020, May 20) retrieved 28 May 2020 from https://phys.org/news/2020-05-sky-comet-swan.html
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